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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

Lewis travels from the lower Rocky mountain slopes to Sun River where the game is once again plentiful. Clark's party reaches Camp Fortunate where they had cached canoes and other useful cargo the previous summer.

the bottoms continue level low and extensive plains level and not very elivated parcularly on the N. E. side of the river.

Meriwether Lewis

Haystack Butte

Wide prairie framed by mountains

the Shishiquaw mountain is a high insulated conic mountain standing several miles in advance of the Eastern range of the rocky mountains. Country broken and mountanous to our wright.

Meriwether Lewis

Elk Creek and Haystack Butte

High conic butte and a small stream

passed Dearborne's river at 3 m.    this stream comes form the S. W. out of the mountains which are about 5 Ms. to our left.
the bed of the river is about 100 yds. wide tho' the water occupys only about 30 yds.
it appears to spread over it's bottoms at certain seasons of the year and runs a mear torrent tearing up the trees by the roots which stand in it's bottom

Meriwether Lewis

Dearborn River

Wide and shallow river with very clear water

R. Fields killed a fine buck and a goat; Josh. Fields saw two buffaloe below us some distance which are the first that have been seen.
we saw a great number of deer goats and wolves as we passed through the plains this morning but no Elk or buffaloe.
saw some barking squirrils
much rejoiced at finding ourselves in the plains of the Missouri which abound with game.

Meriwether Lewis

Elk Creek

Small stream leaving the mountains

2 m. to the discharge of Shishequaw Creek into the Medicine
River through an extensive beautifull and level bottom
8 m. to our encampment of this evening on a large island.
the land of neither the plains nor bottoms is fertile. it is of a light colour intermixed with a considerable proportion of gravel
the grass generally about 9 inghes high.

Meriwether Lewis

Sun River near Simms, Montana

Small river flowing through grassy banks at sunset

I killed a very large and the whitest woolf I have seen

Meriwether Lewis

Arctic wolf, Canis lupus arctos

White wolf

Photo ©2007 Gunnar Ries. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.5 License.

Valeys of the Missouri on the Rocky mountain. Jul 8th 1806.

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Needle-and-thread grass, Hesperostipa comata (Stipa comata)

Single blade of grass with curled blade and spear-like end

The Country through which we passed to day was diversified high dry and uneaven Stoney open plains and low bottoms very boggy with high mountains on the tops and North sides of which there was Snow, great quantities of the species of hysoop & shrubs common to the Missouri plains are Scattered in those Vallys and hill Sides.

William Clark

Bannack Pass

High sage brush prairie leading to a gap in the mountains

I gave to each man who used tobacco about two feet off a part of a role
took one third of the ballance myself and put up 2/3 in a box to Send down with the most of the articles which had been left at this place, by the Canoes this evening.

William Clark

Tobacco twists

Tobacco rope twists in a wood box