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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

The Expedition sets out early from Bald Mountain traveling along the dividing ridges. They stop to smoke and enjoy the view at a sacred area now named Smoking Place. They continue to camp where the dinner is bear oil and roots.

we halted by the request of the Guides a fiew minits on an ellevated point and Smoked a pipe on this eminance the nativs have raised a conic mound of Stons of 6 or 8 feet high

William Clark

Smoking Place

rock cairn with attached pole in front of Bitterroot mountains

from this place we had an extensive view of these stupendous mountains principally covered with snow like that on which we stood; we were entirely surrounded by those mountains from which to one unacquainted with them it would have seemed impossible ever to have escaped; in short without the asssistance of our guides I doubt much whether we who had once passed them could find our way to Travellers rest after smoking the pipe and contemplating this seene sufficient to have damp the sperits of any except such hardy travellers as we have become, we continued our march

Meriwether Lewis

Smoking Place

View of mountains for many miles

The day was plesant throughout; but it appeared to me somewhat extraordinary, to be travelling over snow six or eight feet deep in the latter end of June. The most of us, however, had saved our socks as we expected to find snow on these mountains.

Patrick Gass

Indian Grave Meadow

Patchy snow, forest, and blue sky

ascended to the dividing ridge on which we continued nine miles when the ridge became lower and we arrived at a situation very similar to our encampment of the last evening tho' the ridge was somewhat higher and the snow had not been so long desolved of course there was but little grass. here we encamped for the night having traveled 28 miles over these mountains without releiving the horses from their packs or their having any food.

Meriwether Lewis

Bear Oil and Roots Camp

Dry forest ridge

© Gene Eastman. Used with permission.

Potts's legg which has been much swolen and inflamed for several days is much better this evening and gives him but little pain. we applyed the pounded roots and leaves of the wild ginger & from which he found great relief

William Clark

Wild ginger, Asarum caudatum

low purple plant with three leaves

Photo by PiPi who has released it to the public domain.

neare our encampment we saw a great number of the yellow lilly with reflected petals in blume; this plant was just as forward here at this time as it was in the plains on the 10th of may.

Meriwether Lewis

Yellow glacier lily, Erythronium grandiflorum

Field of yellow

Ceanothus atropurpureus. Near the foot of the Rocky mountain, on Collins Creek. Jun 27, 1806.

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Redstem Ceanothus, Ceanothus sanguineus

Small white umbels

Photo ©2008 Walter Sigmund. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

Head waters of Kooskooski June 27th 1806.

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Western springbeauty, Claytonia lanceolata

white petals with pink streaks

Photo ©2011 BlueCanoe. Permission via the Creative Commons 3.0 License.

On the waters of Kooskooskee within the Rocky mountains Jun: 27th 1806.

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Three-leaved lewisia, Lewisia triphylla

small flower with pink petals

Photo ©2011 Brewbooks. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.0 License.

Head waters of Kooskoosky June 27th 1806.

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Showy Jacob's ladder, Polemonium pulcherrimum

purple petals with yellow centers and large white stamens

Photo ©Walter Sigmund. Downloaded from Wikimedia and used with permission of the Creative Commons 3.0 License.

On the top of the highest peaks & mountains. Jun 27th 1806 In the Rocky mountains.

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Cascade mountain-ash, Sorbus scopulina

Small berry-like fruits hanging from branches