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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

At Long Camp, Shannon and Collins upset the canoe while crossing the Clearwater River. They lose 3 blankets and a blanket coat. Ordway is at a Nez Perce village on the Snake River trading for salmon.

a number of [Indians?] left this eairly with nearly all the Salmon which was caught so we had to wait here to day expecting to git some Salmon    the natives roasted an other Salmon & Set before us to eat.    in the afternoon we purchased as many Salmon as we thought was necessary to take home and hung them up

John Ordway

Cougar Bar on the Snake River

Large river running through steep hills

the canoe was driven broad side with the full forse of a very strong current against some standing trees and instantly filled with water and sunk.
they lost three blankets a blanket coat and their pittance of merchandize.

Meriwether Lewis

Wool capote and blanket

White coat laying on a blue blanket

a large speceis of frog which resorts the water considerably larger than our bull frog.... their bodies are covered with little pustles or lumps

Meriwether Lewis

Western toad, Bufo boreas

Western Toad: small, dark green amphibian that looks similar to a frog

Photo ©2007 Walter Siegmund. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

most of the insects common to the U' States are found here. the butterflies, common house and blowing flies, the horse flies, except the goald coloured ear fly, tho' in stead of this fly we have a brown coloured fly about the same size which attatches itself to that part of the horse and is equally as troublesome.

Meriwether Lewis

Deer fly, Tabanidae Chrysops

Close-up of a fly with small, triangular wings

Photo by Pudding4brains who has released it to the public domain.

the silkworm is also found here.

Meriwether Lewis

Tent caterpillar, Malacosoma disstria

Hairy, green caterpillar on a leaf

Photo ©2006 Alexander Maier. Permission via the Creative Commons ShareAlike License.

there is an insect…which are very numerous particularly in the rocky mountains on the waters of the Columbia; these build in the ground where they form a nest like the hornet with an outer covering to the comb in which they deposit their eggs and raise their young. the sheets of this comb are attatched to each other as those of the hornets are. their wings are four of a dark brown colour. the head is black, the body and abdomen are yellow incircled with transverse rings of black, they are ferce and sting very severely, we found them troublesome in fri[gh]tening our horses as we passed those mountains.

Meriwether Lewis

Western yellowjacket, Vespula pensylvanica

Yellow and black flying creature

Photo ©2010 Eugene Zelenko. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

the honey bee is not found here. the bumble bee is.

Meriwether Lewis

Bumble bee, Apis Bombus

Close-up of a hairy bee

Photo ©2007 Richard Bartz. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.5 License.

one of the men brought me today some onions from the high plain.... these onions were as large as a nutmeg.... this onion is exceedingly crisp and delicately flavoured indeed I think more sweet and less strong than any I ever taisted.

Meriwether Lewis

Tolmie's onion, Allium tolmiei

Small, wrinkly, black onions

Photo created by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

the most they catch is on the opposite shore along the rocks in the whorls & eddys.    we Saw only three dip nets at 3 places a fishing.

John Ordway

Cougar Bar at the Snake River

Large river running through steep hills