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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

Ordway leaves Long Camp to bring back salmon which are running up the Snake in Hells canyon. A horse is butchered, and Chief Red Grizzly Bear offers more should they need it. Lewis describes the woodpecker which bears his name.

we also sent Sergt. ordway and 2 men this morning over to Lewis's river for salmon, which the indians inform us may be procured in abundance at that place, and that it is but half a days ride, nearly south.

Meriwether Lewis

J. Frazer and wiser Set out to go over to the ki-mooenim river for fish.... left this creek ascended a high hill on a plain and proced. On

John Ordway

Lawyer Canyon

Canyon with no trees except along the creek

Charbono's son is much better today, tho' the swelling on the side of his neck I beleive will terminate in an ugly inposthume

Meriwether Lewis

after the oppiration he complained of Considerable pain, I gave him 30 drops of Laudnom...

William Clark

The Black woodpecker which I have frequently mentioned and which is found in most parts of the roky Mountains as well as the Western and S. W. mountains. I had never an opportunity of examining untill a few days since when we killed and preserved several of them.

Meriwether Lewis

Lewis woodpecker, Melanerpes lewis

Specimin of Lewis's Woodpecker

Courtesy of Harvard University Museum of Comparative Zoology.

Drewyer, Cruzatte, and Labuish returned at 4 P. M. with five deer which they had killed at some distance up Collins's Creek on this side; that stream still continues so high that they could not pass it.

Meriwether Lewis

Lolo Creek

Rapids in a large creek

There is a speceis of Burrowing squirrel common in these plains which in their habits somewhat resemble those of the missouri but are a distinct species.

Meriwether Lewis

Columbian ground squirrel, Spermophilus columbianus

Close up of small rodent

Photo ©2007 Jayjayp. Permission via the Creative Commons ShareAlike License.

this bird is about the size of the lark woodpecker of the turtle dove, tho' it's wings are longer than either of those birds. the beak is black, one inch long, reather wide at the base, somewhat curved, and sharply pointed;    the chaps are of equal length.    arround the base of the beak including the eye and a small part of the throat is of a fine crimson red.    the neck and as low as the croop in front is of an iron grey.    the belly and breast is a curious mixture of white and blood reed which has much the appearance of having been artifically painted or stained of that colour.    the red reather predominates.

Meriwether Lewis

Lewis woodpecker, Melanerpes lewis

Bird with a long beak and red breast

Photo ©2006 by unknown photographer. Permission via the Creative Commons 3.0 License.