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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

The hunters report that there is no way to get to the Weippe Prairie. Camp will need to remain across from present Kamiah, Idaho. Men visit nearby Nez Perce villages to trade for food, and Jean Baptiste is very sick.

Shabonoes Son a Small child is, dangerously ill. his jaw and throat is much Swelled.
we apply a poltice of Onions. after giveing him Some creem of tarter &c.
this Creek which Cannot be passed owing to it's debth & rapidity is a great beariore in our way to the best hunting Country.

William Clark

Lolo Creek

Large creek at flood stage

Sergt. Pryor returned late in the evening and informed us that he had been down the river eight miles and that the clifts set in so abruptly to the river he could get no further

Meriwether Lewis

Clearwater River

Steep woods hills and rock cliffs on both sides of a river

the most of the women went out eairly with their horses to dig roots. the women do the most of the Slavery as those on the Missourie

John Ordway

Nez Perce woman digging roots

Drawing of a Nez Perce woman gathering roots on a hillside

Drawing by "June" Roy Anderson. Courtesy of Nez Perce National Historical Park, NEPE 1780.

the men went eairly to a Swet house built a large fire and put in a large quantity of Small Stone and het them red hot then put them in some water in the swet hole which was prepared for that purpose & only a hole big enofe to git in one at a time. about 12 at on once got in to the hole untill they Sweet then went in the water and bathed themselves. then in the hole again and bathed themselves in that way for about 2 hours. they Signed to me that it was to help them of Some disease & Sore eyes, &C. &C.

John Ordway

Nez Perce sweat house

Nez Perce man outside a small sweat lodge

Photo by Thomas Leander Moorhouse. Courtesy of Nez Perce National Historical Park, NEPE 0740.

The frames of their saddles are made of wood nicely jointed, and then covered with raw skins, which when they become dry, bind every part tight, and keep the joints in their places. The saddles rise very high before and behind, in the manner of the saddles of the Spaniards, from whom they no doubt received the form; and also obtained their breed of horses. When the Indians are going to mount they throw their buffaloe robes over the saddles and ride on them, as the saddles would otherwise be too hard.

Patrick Gass

Nez Perce saddle

Saddle made from leather

Photo courtesy of Nez Perce National Historical Park, NEPE 162.

on our return to camp we found Drewyer the Two Feildses Gibson and Sheilds just arrived with five deer which they had killed at a considerable distance towards the mountains.
they also brought with them two red salmon trout which they had purchased from some indians whom they had met with on their return to camp.—
Two Indians who were just arrived at our camp informed us that these salmon trout remained in this river the greater part of the winter, that they were not good at this season which we readily discovered, they were very meagre.

Meriwether Lewis

Steelhead, Oncorhynchus mykiss, freshwater phase

Large fish with red sides

Drawing created by the U.S. Government Printing Office.