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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

The Expedition continues to set up an encampment on the Clearwater River across from present Kamiah, Idaho. They erect a shelter to keep the baggage dry. While searching for his horse, Reubin Field sees a white Grizzly.

we had all our baggage Secured and Covered with a rouf of Straw.
as the days are worm &c. we have a bowry made to write under

William Clark

Clearwater River

Sunrise and low clouds on Clearwater River

Drewyer and Cruzatte were sent up the river

Meriwether Lewis

South Fork Clearwater River

South Fork Clearwater River above Kooskia on a rainy day

Around our camp the plains have the appearance of a meadow before it is mowed, and affords abundance of food for our horses.

Patrick Gass

Kamiah, Idaho

Tall green meadow grass

it is not common to find two bear here of this speceis precisely of the same colour, and if we were to attempt to distinguish them by their collours and to denominate each colour a distinct speceis we should find at least twenty. some bear nearly white have also been seen by our hunters at this place.

Meriwether Lewis

Grizzly bear, Ursus arctos horribilis

Light colored bear

Photo created by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

at 1 P. M. a party of 14 natives on horseback passed our camp on a hunting excurtion;
they were armed with bows and arrows and had decoys for the deer these are the skins of the heads and upper portions of the necks of the deer extended in their natural shape by means of a fraim of little sticks placed within.
the hunter when he sees a deer conceals himself and with his hand gives to the decoy the action of a deer at feed; and thus induces the deer within arrowshot;
in this mode the indians hunt on foot in the woodlands where they cannot pursue the deer with horses…

Meriwether Lewis

Nez Perce deer decoy

Hat with deer antlers used a hunting decoy

Photo courtesy of Nez Perce National Historical Park, NEPE 8790.

the arms of the Indians are generally bows and arrows, and the war-mallet. The war-mallet is a club, with a large head of wood or stone; those of stone are generally covered with leather, and fastened to the end of the club with thongs, or straps of leather, and the sinews of animals.

Patrick Gass

Nez Perce sling

Nez Perce man with club and sling

Photo by Gay Jane circa 1890. Courtesy of Nez Perce National Historical Park, NEPE 0374.