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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

After delaying to hunt, the Expedition climbs up to the Camas prairie in the late afternoon and camps. Lewis describes how the Nez Perce gather food from trees. The Twisted Hair, Cut Nose, and Broken Arm argue over the Corps' horses.

we are informed that the natives in this quarter were much distressed for food in the course of the last winter; they were compelled to collect the moss which grows on the pine which they boiled and eat;

Meriwether Lewis

Wila, Bryoria fremontii

Tangled mess of small brown strings

Photo ©2007 by Millifolium. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

about two miles on the road we arrived at a little branch which run to the wright.

Meriwether Lewis

one of the hunters wounded a deer   only broke its leg   Capt. Lewises dog Seamon chased it caught it killed it.

John Ordway

Gilbert (Camas Prairie)

Small creek at Camas Prairie

Sheilds killed a duck of an uncommon kind. the head beak and wing of which I preserved. the beak is remarkably wide and obtusely pointed, on it's edges it is furnished with a sceries of teeth very long and fine not unlike the teeth of a comb.

Meriwether Lewis

Male northern shoveler, Anas clypeata

Male Northern shoveler landing on water

Photo ©2006 by Al Wilson. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.5 License.

the colours and appearance of the female is precisely that of the duckinmallard only, reather smaller.

Meriwether Lewis

Female northern shoveler, Anas clypeata

Female Northern shoveler on water

Photo ©2006 by Al Wilson. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.5 License.

near this camp I observed many pine trees which appear to have been cut down about that season which they inform us was done in order to collect the seed of the longleafed pine which in those moments of distress also furnishes an article of food; the seed of this speceis of pine is about the size and much the shape of the seed of the large sunflower; they are nutricious and not unpleasent when roasted or boiled

Meriwether Lewis

Pine nuts from a Ponderosa pine, Pinus ponderosa

Small tan nuts and empty shells

during this month the natives also peal this pine and eat the succulent or inner bark.

Meriwether Lewis

Culturally modified tree

Ponderosa Pine with a large piece of bark removed

Photo provided courtesy of Gene Eastman.

on the Creek near our Camp I observed a kind of trap which was made with great panes
This was a dam formed of Stone So as to Collect the water in a narrow part not exceeding 3 feet wide from which place the water Shot with great force and Scattered through Some Small willows Closely connected and fastened with bark.
I cought or took off those willows 9 Small trout from 3 to 7 Inches in length.
an Indian came from a fishery of a Similar kind a little above....those fisheries afforded the principal part of the food for his Children.

William Clark

Hupa fish weir

Indian scooping fish from a wier

Photo by Edward S. Curtis circa 1923.

the road led us up a steep and high hill to a high and level plain…when we met the Twisted hair and a party of six men.
the Twisted hair received us very coolly an occurrence as unexpected as it was unaccountable to us.
he shortly began to speak with a loud voice and in a angry manner, when he had ceased to speak he was answered by the Cutnose Cheif or Neeshnepark-keook;
we readily discovered that a violet quarrel had taken place between these Cheifs but at that instant knew not the cause;
we afterwards learnt that it was on the subject of our horses.

Meriwether Lewis

Gilbert Grade above the Clearwater River

Looking down into a river valley from a high ridge

From the plains of the Columbia near Kooskooskee R. May 8th 1806. the natives reckon this root as unfitt for food.

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Glacier lily, Erythronium grandiflorum

Yellow lily in a grassy field

Plains of Columbia near the Kooskooskee May 8th 1806. the bulb in the Shape of a bisquit, which the natives eat.

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Yellow bell, Fritillaria pudica

Small yellow drooping flowers on a rainy day