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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

Clark receives a young horse as payment for medical services which they kill and butcher. They continue up the north shore of the Clearwater River camping near present Pine Creek. They spot a Fort Mandan war axe obtained by Indian trade.

The timber of this river which consists principally of the long leafed pine commences about 2 miles below our present camp on Colter's Creek.

Meriwether Lewis

Clearwater River

Clearwater River, small pine trees, and storm clouds

sore eyes is an universal complaint with all the natives we have seen on the west side of the Rocky mountains.

Meriwether Lewis

we received a Second horse for Medecine & procription to a little girl with the rhumitism...

William Clark

Appaloosa horse

White horse with black spots

the natives have a considerable salmon fishery up Colter's Creek. this stream extends itself to the pirs of the rocky mountain and in much the greater part of it's course passes through a well timbered pine country it is 25 yds. wide and discharges a large body of water. the banks low and bed formed of pebbles.

Meriwether Lewis

Potlatch River

Green, high hills and Potlach River

The Kooskooske river may be safely navigated at present all the rocks of the shoals and rapids are perfectly covered;
the current is strong, the water clear and cold.
this river is rising fast.—

Meriwether Lewis

Fir Island on the Clearwater River

Island made small by a high river on a stormy day

The Chopunnish about the Mouth of the Kooskooske bury their dead on Stoney hill Sides generally, and as I was informed by an Indian who made Signs that they made a hole in the Grown by takeing away the Stones and earth where they wished to deposit the dead body after which they laid the body which was previously raped in a robe and Secured with Cords. over the body they placed Stones So as to form a Sort of arch on the top of which they put Stones and earth So as to Secure the body from the wolves and birds &c. they Sometimes inclose the grave with a kind of Sepulcher like the roof of a house formed of the canoes of the disceased. they also Sacrifice the favorite horses of the disceased. the bones of many of which we See on and about the graves.

William Clark

James McConville (Grandson of Wisle'neqe)

Historic photo of Nez Perce man at a grave

Photo by Allen H. Hilton circa 1918. Courtesy of Nez Perce National Historical Park, NEPE 1051.

Several of the natives gambled in the same way as those below had buffaloe robes war axes &C. Staked up the war axes these Indians have they got from the Grousevauntares on the Missourie & they got them from us at the Mandans.

Meriwether Lewis

Missouri war axe

Hand-forged axe with heart-shaped cut out

A low Shrub growing in the rocky dry hills on the Kooskooskee May 6th 1806.

Meriwether Lewis

Green rabbitbrush, Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus

Sage plant with green leaves and yellow flowers

Photo ©2008 Stan Shebs. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

A root 5 or 6 inches long eaten raw or boiled by the natives. On the Kooskooske My. 6th 1806.

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Nine-leaved biscuit-root, Lomatium triternatum

Stalk with small yellow umbels

A Shrub about 4 feet high. On the plains of Columbia. May 7th 1806.

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Show phlox, Phlox speciosa

Clump of flowers with purple petals

Photo ©2010 Walter Sigmund. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.