Lewis and Clark Today Logo

On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

With all the baggage on horses, the Corps walks on the north shore of the Columbia River. They camp at a village of 700 Indians living in mat lodges made from Tule reeds. Two horses, which the Captains will ride, are purchased.

leve plains extend themselves from the tops of the river hills to a great distance on either side of the river
it produces a low grass on which the horses feed

Meriwether Lewis

Horse Heaven Hills

Rolling hills of bunch grass

their bridle is usually a hair rope tyed with both ends to the under jaw of the horse

Meriwether Lewis

their Saddles Consist of a pad of dressed Skin Stuffed with goats hair with wooden Sturreps.

William Clark

Nez Perce warrior

Historic photo of a mounted Nez Perce warrior

Photo by Edward S. Curtis circa 1910. Some modern items have been digitally obscured.

We continued our rout about nine miles where finding as many willows as would answer our purpose for fuel we encamped for the evening.

Meriwether Lewis

Alder Creek

Willow and sage brush along Alder Creek

we killed six ducks in the course of the day; one of them was of a speceis which I had never before seen I therefore had the most material parts of it reserved as a specimine, the leggs are yellow and feet webbed as those of the duckandmallard.

Meriwether Lewis

Northern shoveler, Anas clypeata

duck about to land on water

Photo ©2006 Al Wilson. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.5 License.

several rattlesnakes killed by the party, they are the same as those common to the U' States.

Meriwether Lewis

Northern pacific rattlesnake, Crotalus viridis oreganus

Tan rattlesnake with mouth open

Photo by Pierre Fidenci. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.5 License.

A Species of Fennel root eaten by the Indians of an Annis Seed taste. Flowers white. Columbia R.

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Western sweet-cicely, osmorhiza occidentalis

Plant with small white umbels

Photo ©2007 Walter Siegmund. Downloaded from Wikimedia and used with permission of the GNU Free Documentation License.