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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

As they canoe up the Columbia River Gorge past present Hood River, the climate changes from wet to dry. They see a drowned forest, women and children gathering roots, and views of Mt. Hood. Lewis adds four plants to his herbarium.

the river is from ½ to ¾ of a Mile in wedth, and possesses but little Current.
Labiech's river which heads in Mt. Hood and like the quick Sand River brings down from thence Vast bodies of Sand

William Clark

Mitchell Point

Historic Photo of Mitchell Point

Photo by Carleton E. Watkins circa 1883.

the mountains through which the river pases nearly to the sepulchre rock, are high broken, rocky, partially covered with fir white cedar, and in many places exhibit very romantic seenes. some handsome cascades are seen on either hand tumbling from the stupendious rocks of the mountains into the river.

Meriwether Lewis

Mitchell Point

Sunny day on Columbia River, high cliffs on either side

we find the trunks of many large pine trees sanding erect as they grew at present in 30 feet water;
they are much doated and none of them vegetating; at the lowest tide of the river many of these trees are in ten feet water.
certain it is that those large pine trees never grew in that position, nor can I account for this phenomenon except it be that the passage of the river through the narrow pass at the rapids has been obstructed by the rocks which have fallen from the hills into that channel within the last 20 years;

Meriwether Lewis

Above the Cascades of the Columbia

Tops of trees poking out of the water

Photo by G.K. Gilbert of the U.S. Geological Survey, 1899.

at 1 P. M. we arrived at a large village situated in a narrow bottom on the N. side a little above the entrance of canoe creek. their houses are reather detatched and extent for several miles.

Meriwether Lewis

White Salmon River

Wind blowing waves up the Columbia River

Photo by Lily E. White circa 1903-1905. Platinum print at the Portland Art Museum.

I ascended the river about six miles at which place the river washed the base of high clifts on the Lard. side, here we halted a few minutes

Meriwether Lewis

View from Major Creek

Sunny day on the Columbia River as viewed from cliff above river

about noon the wind rose so high from the N. W. that we came too at a village on the N. Side where we Saw 25 or 30 horses which are in tollarable good order.

John Ordway

Horses in the hills above Celilo Falls

Two horses grazing on the hills above Celilo Falls

service bury in blume.

Meriwether Lewis

Serviceberry, Amelanchier alnifolia

White blooms of a serviceberry bush

The stem is eaten by the natives, without any preparation. On the Columbia. Apr 14th 1806

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Arrowleaf balsamroot, Balsamorhiza sagittata

Bright, yellow blooms in early morning light

A Sort of Larkspur with 3 styles; On the Columbia Aprl. 14th 1806

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Cliff larkspur, Delphinium menziesii

Blue flowers of a Cliff larkspur

Photo ©2013 Walter Sigmund. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

A large fusiform root, which the natives prepare by baking; Near the Sepulchre rock On the Columbia R. Aprl. 14th 1806

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Gray's desert-parsley, Lomatium grayi

Desert parsley with small yellow blooms on rocky ground

The root not eaten by the natives. On the Columbia. April 14th 1806.

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Columbia desert parsley, Lomatium columbianum

Desert parsley with purple blooms