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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

Struggling past the Cascades of the Columbia, the men carry or tow the empty canoes. Indians attempt to steal tools, and when they almost succeed in taking Lewis' dog, Seaman, Lewis demands his return with a threat of death.

with great dificuelty and much fatigue we drew up 4 of our canoes above the Rapids 3 miles in extent.
the men became So fatigued that we deturmined to puspone takeing the 5th Canoe untill tomorrow.

William Clark

Upper Cascades of the Columbia River

Historic photo of the upper cascades of the Columbia River

Photo by Carleton E. Watkins circa 1883. Some modern items have been digitally obscured.

he had in his possession a very good pipe tomahawk which he informed us he had received as a present from a trader who visited him last winter over land pointing to the N. W., whome he called Swippeton;
he was pleased with the tommahawk of Capt. C. in consequence of it's having a brass bowl and Capt. C. gratified him by an exchange.

Meriwether Lewis

Pipe tomahawk

Historic photo of a long pipe tomahawk with part of the handle decorated

Photo by D.F. Barry, 1854-1934.

as a further proof of his being esteemed by this white trader, he gave us a well baked saylor's bisquit which he also informed us he had received from Swippeton.

Meriwether Lewis

Sea biscuit

A large, square cracker resembling a saltine

their women as well as those of the 3 villages next below us pierce the cartelage of the nose and insert various ornaments.
they very seldom imprint any figures on their skins; a few I observed had one or two longitudinal lines of dots on the front of the leg, reaching from the ankle upwards about midleg.

Meriwether Lewis

the men usually cew their hair in two parsels which like the braded tresses of the female hang over each ear in front of the sholder, and gives an additional width to the head and face so much admired by them.
these cews are usually formed with throngs of dressed Otterskin crossing each other and not roled in our manner arrond the hair.

Meriwether Lewis

I walked down to day about ¾ of a mile below our encampment to observe the manner in which these people inter their dead.
this appears to be the burying ground of the Wahclellahs, Clahclellahs and Yehhuhs.—

Meriwether Lewis

Great rapids of Columbia

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Shiny Oregon grape, Mahonia aquifolium or Berberis aquifolium

Yellow bloom and sharp-edged leaves

Photo ©2007 IJmuiden. Downloaded from Wikimedia and used with permission of the GNU Free Documentation License.