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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

The Expedition paddles up the Columbia River reaching Deer Island. They purchase a large sturgeon from some Indians that have been following them. Lewis describes the local flora and fauna and adds 2 plants to his herbarium.

at 10 A. M. we arrived at two houses of this nation on the Stard. side where we halted for breakfast. here we overtook our hunters, they had killed nothing. the natives appeared extreemly hospitable, gave us dryed Anchovies, Sturgeon, wappetoe, quamash, and a speceis of small white tuberous roots about 2 inches in length and as thick as a man's finger;

Meriwether Lewis

Coffin rock

Historic painting of the Columbia River at Longview, Washington and Ranier, Oregon

Painting by Paul Kane based on sketches made in 1847.

these [camas root] are eaten raw, are crisp, milkey, and agreeably flavored.
the night as well as the day proved cold wet and excessively disagreeable.

Meriwether Lewis

Camas bulb, Camassia quamash

White tuber that looks like a small onion

the night as well as the day proved cold wet and excessively disagreeable.

Meriwether Lewis

This morning early it commenced raining, which continued during the whole of this day.

Joseph Whitehouse

Pond near Goble, Oregon

Swampy pond on a wet, March day

these people are said to be numerous.
in their dress, habits, manners and language they differ but little from the Clatsops Chinnooks &c.
they have latterly been at war with Chinnooks but peace is said now to be restored between them, but their intercourse is not yet resumed.
no Chinnooks come above the marshey islands nor do the Skillutes visit the mouth of the Columbia.
the Clatsops, Cathlahmahs and Wackkiacums are the carriers between these nations being in alliance with both.

Meriwether Lewis

Cowlitz woman and baby

Historic painting of a cowlitz woman and baby

Painting by Paul Kane based on sketches made in 1847.

saw the Cottonwood, sweet willow, oak, ash and the broad leafed ash, the growth which resembles the beach &c. these form the growth of the bottom lands

Meriwether Lewis

Pacific willow, salix lucida

Pacific Willow: small brush-like tree

Photo created by an employee of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.

the red flowering currant are in blume, this I take to be the same speceis I first saw in the Rocky Mountains

Clark or Lewis

Red flowering currant, Ribes sanguineum

Red flowers in front of drift log

Photo ©2009 Walter Sigmund. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

waterfowl very scarce, a few Comorant, geese, and the redheaded fishing duck are all that are to be seen.

Meriwether Lewis

Female common merganser, Mergus merganser

Duck with gray body and a spikey, red hair doo

Photo ©Alan D. Wilson. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.5 License.

late in the evening we passed the place we Camped the 5th of Novr. and Encamped about 4 miles above at the Commencement of the Columbian Vally on the Stard. Side below Deer Island.

William Clark

Columbia River near Prescott, Oregon

Small inlet from a creek entering a large, calm river

Columbia. March 27th 1806.

Meriwether Lewis

Red currant, Ribes sanguineum

Budding Red currant sprig

Fruit like a Rasberry Columbia. March 27th 1806.

Meriwether Lewis

Salmonberry, Rubus spectabilis

Pink blossom on a blooming Salmonberry vine