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The Expedition paddles along the swampy south shore of the Columbia River. Fighting a headwind and strong current, they travel from Aldrich Point to a camp on the Clatskanie River. They encounter many Indians fishing in the area.

it was with some difficulty that we could find a spot proper for an encampment, the shore being a swamp for several miles back;
at length late in the evening opposite to the place we had encamped on the 6th of November last;
we found the entrance of a small creek which afforded us a safe harbour from the wind and encamped.
the ground was low and moist tho' we obtained a tolerable encampment.

Meriwether Lewis

Columbia River slough

Columbia River slough with a brushy and swampy shore

we set out…against the wind and a strong current, our progress was of course but slow.
here some Clatsops came to us in a canoe loaded with dryed anchovies, Wappetoe and Sturgeon.

Meriwether Lewis

Smoked eulachon, boiled wapato, and smoked sturgeon

A mash-up of large fish, small fish, and boiled roots

I observe that the green bryer which I have previously mentioned as being common on this river below tide water retains it's leaves all winter.—

Meriwether Lewis

Pacific blackberry, Rubus ursinus

Small Pacific blackberry vine with white flowers

Photo ©2008 Walter Sigmund. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

the red willow and seven bark begin to pur fourth their leaves.—

Meriwether Lewis

Ninebark, Physocarpus capitatus

Thick bush stem with bark falling off in strips

Photo ©2008 Walter Sigmund. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

after dinner we passed the river to a large Island 2 and continued our rout allong the side of the same about a mile when we arrived at a Cathlahmah fishing cam of one lodge; here we found 3 men 2 women and a couple of boys, who from appearances had remained here some time for the purpose of taking sturgeon, which they do by trolling.
they had ten or douzen very fine sturgeon which had not been long taken.

Meriwether Lewis

White sturgeon filet, Acipenser transmontanus

Fresh filet of sturgeon with bumpy, black skin

the bottom lands are covered with cottonwood, the growth with a broad leaf which resembles ash except the leaf. the underbrush red willow, broad leafed willow, sevenbark, goosburry, green bryer & the larged leafed thorn; the latter is now in bloom; the natives inform us that it bears a freut about an inch in diameter which is good to eat.—

Meriwether Lewis

Columbia River shore

Brushy and swampy shore along Columbia river slough

the nettle and a variety of other plants are now springing up.

Clark or Lewis

Stinging nettle, Urtica dioica

Young stinging nettle plants and blackberry vine

Photo ©2007 Frank Vincent. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.