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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

From camp on the John Day River, 15 men are sent to get the elk shot by yesterday's hunters. In the afternoon, the Expedition continues up the Columbia River. One Indian puts them in the right channel and another claims his stolen canoe.

The village of these people is the dirtiest and stinkingest place I ever saw
we proceeded on through some difficult and narrow channels. made 16 miles.

William Clark

Saw a white woodpecker with a red head of the small kind common to the United States; this bird has but lately returned.    they do not remain during the winter.

Meriwether Lewis

Red-breasted sapsucker, Sphyrapicus ruber

Red-breasted Sapsucker drilling shallow holes holes in the trunk of a Toyon tree

Photo ©2009 Kevin Cole. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.0 License.

this side of the river is very shallow to the distance of 4 miles from the shore tho' there is a channel sufficient for canoes near S. side.

Meriwether Lewis

Aldrich Point

Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge from Aldrich Point

these people are very fond of sculpture in wood of which they exhibit a variety of specemines about their houses. the broad peices supporting the center of the roof and those through which the doors are cut, seem to be the peices on which they most display their taist. I saw some of these which represented human figures setting and supporting the burthen on their sholders.

Meriwether Lewis

Chinook sculpture

Floor to ceiling, red statue in Chinook longhouse

Photo taken with permission at Fort Stevens State Park by
Michael L. Wilson, theperfectedimage.com.

not paying much attention we mistook our rout which an Indian perceiving pursued overtook us and put us in the wright channel.
this Cathlahmah claimed the small canoe which we had taken from the Clatsops.
however he consented very willingly to take an Elk's skin for it which I directed should be given him and he immediately returned.

Meriwether Lewis

We saw a large burying place of the Natives a short distance below where we were encamped.
The method that the Natives take to deposit their Dead is, by placing them in a Canoe.
The body of the deceased is rolled up in Skins of some kind of Animal.
The Canoe is raised on forks & poles some distance up from the ground, & all the property that the deceased died possessed of is put into the Canoe, with the body of the deceased Indian.

Joseph Whitehouse

Burying Place on the Cowlitz River

Historical painting of elevated burial canoes

Painting by Paul Kane based on sketches made in 1847.

the pole-cat Colwort, is in blume.

Clark or Lewis

Skunk cabbage, Lysichiton americanus

Yellow skunk cabbage in bloom

Photo ©2008 Tanamarn. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

after dark two Chinnook men came to us in a small canoe. they remained with us all night.

Meriwether Lewis

Two Indians in a canoe

Historic photo of two coastal Indian women in a small canoe

Northwestern University Library, Edward S. Curtis's 'The North American Indian': the Photographic Images.