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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

Chief Cobaway is given a certificate of good conduct and he leaves Fort Clatsop. Lewis describes the coastal Indian's appearance, dress, and customs. The stormy weather prevents the men from beginning their homeward journey.

the large or apparently swolen legs particularly observable in the women are obtained in a great measure by tying a cord tight around the ankle.    their method of squating or resting themselves on their hams which they seem from habit to prefer to siting

Meriwether Lewis

Kwakiutl woman gathering abalones

historic photo of Kwakiutl woman in cedar bark cape gathering food at low tide

Photo by Edward S. Curtis circa 1915.

It continued to rain and hail today in such a manner that nothing further could be done to the canoes.
we gave Comowooll alias Connia, a cirtificate of his good conduct.

Meriwether Lewis

Fort Clatsop

Lewis and Clark River on a stormy day

Photo taken with permission at Lewis and Clark National Historic Park, Fort Clatsop.

the most remarkable trait in their physiognomy is the peculiar flatness and width of the forehead which they artificially obtain by compressing the head between two boards while in a state of infancy and from which it never afterwards perfectly recovers.

Meriwether Lewis

Head flattening

Drawing of the Chinook head flattening process and results

a mat is sometimes temperarily thrown over the sholders to protect them from rain.
they have no other article of cloathing whatever neither winter nor summer.
and every part except the sholders and back is exposed to view.

Meriwether Lewis

They [the Chinook] are also fond of a species of wampum which is furnished them by a trader whom they call Swipton. it seems to be the native form of the shell without any preperation.

Meriwether Lewis

Wampum necklace

Necklace made from white shells

Photo courtesy of Nez Perce National Historical Park, NEPE 2359.

these are woarn in the same manner in which the beads are; and furnish the men with their favorite ornament for the nose.
one of these shells is passed horizontally through the cartilage of the nose and serves frequently as a kind of ring to prevent the string which suspends other ornaments at the same part from chafing and freting the flesh

Meriwether Lewis

both males and females wear braslets on their wrists of copper brass or Iron in various forms.

Meriwether Lewis