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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

Drouillard is sent to purchase 2 Clatsop canoes. Hunters return with some success. Whitehouse attempts to trade with the Cathlamet up the Columbia River, but he is turned back by high winds. Lewis adds three plants to the herbarium.

we sent Drewyer down to the Clatsop village to purchase a couple of their canoes if possible.
while engaged in surching for the perogue Collins one of his party killed two Elk near the Netul below us.

Meriwether Lewis

Chinook canoe

Replica of a Chinook canoe

The Porpus is common on this coast and as far up the river as the water is brackish.
the Indians sometimes gig them and always eat the flesh of this fish when they can procure it; to me the flavor is disagreeable.

Meriwether Lewis

Harbor porpoise, Phocoena phocoena

A small dolphin in the water

Photo ©2009 Erik Christense. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

the Skaite is also common to the salt water, we have seen several of them that had perished and were thrown out on the beach by the tide.

Meriwether Lewis

Big skate, Raja binoculata

Big Skate: ray-like fish

Photo created by the U.S. National Oceanagraphic and Atmospheric Administration.

The flounder is also an inhabitant of the salt water, we have seen them also on the beach where they had been left by the tide. the Indians eat [them] and esteem it very fine.

Meriwether Lewis

Starry flounder, Platichthys stellatus

Starry Flounder: flat fish that blends in with the ocean sand

Photo posted to Wiki commons by an unknown person who released it the public domain.

the common Salmon and red Charr are the inhabitants of both the sea and rivers.
the former is usually largest and weighs from 5 to 15 lbs.
it is this speceis that extends itself into all the rivers and little creeks on this side of the Continent, and to which the natives are so much indebted for their subsistence.

Meriwether Lewis

Chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha

Large fish with silver scales

Drawing by an employee of the US Federal Government.

The red Charr are reather broader in proportion to their length than the common salmon, the skales are also imbricated but reather large.

Meriwether Lewis

Sockeye salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka

Large fish with silver scales

Drawing by an employee of the US Federal Government.

Grass common to the open grounds near Fort Clatsop.
March 13th 1806

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Foxtail barley, Hordeum jubatum

Soft, spiny grass

The roots are eat by the natives, & taste like Sweet Potatoes, grows in marshy ground. Fort Clatsop March 13th 1806

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Silverweed, Argentina anserina

Low leafy plant with a 5-petal, yellow bloom

Carduus or Thistel—Roots eatable Fort Clatsop. March 13th 1806.

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Edible thistle, Cirsium edule

Purple and white bloom of a the edible thistle