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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

The pirogues are corked and pitched and new are paddles shaped as the men prepare to leave Fort Clatsop. One pirogue is still missing. The Captains write about the golden eagle, bats, steelhead, and several fish.

there is a Specis of water Lizzard of which I only Saw one just above the grand rapid of the Columbia.
it is about 9 inches long the body is reather flat and about the Size of a mans finger, covered with a Soft Skin of dark brown Colour with an uneaven sufice covered with little pimples
the belly and under part of the neck and head were of a Brick red every other part of the colour of the upper part of the body are dark brown.
the mouth was Smooth without teeth.

William Clark

Rough-skinned newt, Taricha granulosa

Long skinny reptile with shiny wet skin

Our party are now furnished with 358 par of Mockersons exclusive of a good portion of Dressed leather,
they are also previded with Shirts Overalls Capoes of dressed Elk Skins for the homeward journey.

William Clark

Nez Perce tail dress

Full-length unornamented dress made of animal skins

Photo courtesy of Nez Perce National Historical Park, NEPE 34191.

I beleive the Callamet Eagle is sometimes found on this side of the rocky mountains from the information of the Indians in whose possession I have seen their plumage.
these are the same with those of the Missouri, and are the most beautiful of all the family of the Eagles of America.

Meriwether Lewis

Golden eagle, Aquila chrysaetos

Close-up of head with red-brown feathers, sharp beak, and golden eyes

Photo ©2007 Richard Bartz. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.5 License.

this eagle is feared by all carnivorous birds, and on his approach all leave the carcase instantly on which they were feeding.

Meriwether Lewis

Golden eagle, Aquila chrysaetos

Bird of prey eating a small animal

Photo ©2008 Chuck Abbe. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.0 License.

two tails of this bird is esteemed by the Mandans Minetares Ricares, &c as the full value of a good horse, or gun and accoutrements.
with these feathers the natives decorate the stems of their sacred pipes or callamets
the natives in every part of the con tinent who can procure these feathers attatch them to their own hair and the mains and tails of their favorite horses by way of ornament.
they also decorate their war caps or bonnets with those feathers.—

Meriwether Lewis

Eagle feather bonnet

Long Indian bonnet made of many eagle feathers

Photo courtesy of Nez Perce National Historical Park, NEPE 169.

Beside the fish of this coast and river already mentioned we have met with the following speceis viz. the Whale, Porpus, Skaite, flounder, Salmon, red charr, two speceis of Salmon trout, mountain or speckled trout, and a speceis similar to one of those noticed on the Missouri within the mountains, called in the Eastern states, bottle-nose.

Meriwether Lewis

Cutthroat trout, Oncorhynchus clarki | Mountain sucker, Catostomus platyrhynchus

Two stream fish: one sepeckly with a rainbow color and the other with a bottle-shaped mouth

Cutthroat trout photo created by the U.S. Forest Service.
Mountain sucker photo created by the U.S. National Park Service.

the black or dark Brown Lizzard we Saw at the long narrows or Commencement of the woody country on the Columbia

William Clark

Western fence lizard, Sceloporus occidentalis

Western Fence Lizard: small, brown, black, and tan lizard

Photo ©2006 Calibas. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.