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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

Hunters are sent in several directions in search for elk. Some will travel far from Fort Clatsop. The weather brings rain, hail, and some snow. The Captains write about the ducks, coots, and grebes that inhabit the area.

The hunters measured a pine tree, (or fir No 1) which at the hight of a man's breast was 42 feet in the girth
from the appearance of other trees of this speceis of fir and their account of this tree, I think it may be safely estimated at 300 feet.

Meriwether Lewis

Sitka spruce, Picea sitchensis

Large Sitka spruce

Photo ©2005 Walter Sigmund (altered). Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

The black and white duck are small abut the size of the blue-winged teal, or reather larger.
the male is beautifully variagated with black and white.

Meriwether Lewis

Male bufflehead duck, Bucephala albeola

Small duck with a large white area on its head, black back, and white lower half

Photo ©2009 by Dick Daniels. Permission via the Creative Commons 3.0 License.

the female is darker or has much less white about her. I take this to be the same speceis of duck common to the Atlantic coast, and frequently called the butterbox.

Meriwether Lewis

Female bufflehead duck, Bucephala albeola

Bufflehead Duck: small duck with a white circle on a jet black head

Photo ©2006 by unknown painter. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.5 License.

The black duck is about the size of the bluewinged teal.

Meriwether Lewis

American coot, Fulica americana

American Coot: Dark, blue bird with black head and a white beak

Photo 2007 Mike Baird. Permission via the Creative Commons ShareAlike License.

The divers are the same with those of the Atlantic States. the smaller species has some white feathers about the rump with no perceptable tail and is very active and quick in it's motion

Meriwether Lewis

Pied-billed grebe, Podilymbus podiceps

Pied-billed Grebe: Light-colored gray and tan water fowl floating in the water

Photo ©2005 Mdf. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

the larger species are about the size of the teal and can fly a short distance which the small one scarcely ever attapts.

Meriwether Lewis

Red-necked grebe, Podiceps grisegena

Red-necked Grebe: Water-fowl with orange-red neck, black and gray head, and a black body

Photo created Donna Dewhurst of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.