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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

Chief Cobaway brings candlefish to Fort Clatsop. The sick recover slowly, Bratton being the sickest. Hall injures his foot and ankle while falling timber. Clark describes several species of seagulls in his journal entry for this date.

Hall had his foot and ankle much injured yesterday by the fall of a large stick of timber; the bones were fortunately not broken
Bratton is now weaker than any of the convalessants, all of whom recover slowly in consequence of the want of proper diet

Meriwether Lewis

Forest near Fort Clatsop

Tangle of downed trees

at 11 A. M. we were visited by Comowoll and two of his children.
he presented us with some Anchovies which had been well cured in their manner. we foud them excellent.
they were very acceptable particularly at this moment.
we gave the old man some small articles in return.

Meriwether Lewis

Night smelt, Spirinchus starski

A bowl of tiny silver fish

1st a Small Species the Size of a Pegion; white except some black spots about the head and the little bone on the but of the wing.

William Clark

Bonaparte's gull, Larus philadelphia

Gull with white head and body and gray wings standing in the surf

Photo ©2009 Dick Daniels. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

2d a Species Somewhat larger of a light brown colour, with a mealy coloured back.

William Clark

Immature glaucous-winged gull, Larus glaucescens

Large seagull with dull gray feathers

Photo taken near the Salt Works. A mature glaucous-winged gull is in the background.

3rd the large Grey Gull or white larus with a greyish brown back, and light grey belly and breast, about the Size of a well grown pullet, the wings are remarkably long in perpotion to the Size of the body and it's under chap towards the extremity is gibbous and protuberant than in either of the other Species.

William Clark

Immature western gull, Larus occidentalis

Large seagull with dull gray feathers flying over water

Photo ©2009 Joe Mabel. Permission via the Creative Commons 3.0 License.

The large Grey Gull is found on the Columbian waters as high as the enterance of the Koos koos ke and in common with the other Species on the coast; the others appear confined to the tidwater

William Clark

Western gull, Larus occidentalis

Western Gull: White head and body, black wing, and pink webbed feet

Photo by unknown photographer who has released it to the public domain.

(4th) a White Gull about the Size of the Second with a remarkable beak; adjoining the head and on the base of the upper Chap there is an elivated orning of the Same Substance with the beak which forms the nostriels at A;
it is Somewhat in this form. the feet are webed and the legs and feet of a yellow colour.
the form of the wings body &c are much that of the 2d Species
this bird was Seen on Haleys bay.

William Clark

Northern fulmar, Fulmarus glacialis

Large bird in flight with white head and gray wings

Photo ©2008 Andreas Trepte. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.5 License.

The Comorant is a large black duck which feeds on fish; we met with as high up the river as the enterance of the Chopunnish into the Kooskooske river.
they increased in numbers as we decended, and formed much the Greatest portion of waterfowls which we saw on the Columbia untill we reached tidewater
we found this bird fat and tolerably flavoured as we decended the Columbia.

William Clark

Black cormorant, Phalacrocorax carbo

Large black bird with black webbed feet

Photo ©2007 Jina Lee. Permission via the Creative Commons 3.0 License.