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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

The men at Fort Clatsop feast on candlefish, sturgeon, and wapato. The Captains explain the Chinook method of cooking candlefish and sturgeon. They also describe several birds that they have encountered on their journey.

the Anchovey is so delicate that they soon become tainted unless pickled or smoked.
they coock their sturgeon by means of vapor or steam.

Meriwether Lewis

Eulachon, Thaleichthys pacificus

Pile of small silver fish

Photo courtesy of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

It rained hard all last night, & continued the same during the whole of this day.
Nothing material happened at the fort worth mentioning.

Joseph Whitehouse

Fort Clatsop

Looking out the fort door with rain drops falling

Photo taken with permission at Lewis and Clark National Historic Park, Fort Clatsop.

they coock their sturgeon by means of vapor or steam
a bisk fire is kindled on which a parcel of stones are lad
the sturgeon which had been previously cut into large fletches is now laid on the hot stones;
a parsel of small boughs of bushes is next laid on and a second course of the sturgeon
it is next covered closely with matts and water is poared in such manner as to run in among the hot stones and the vapor arrising being confined by the mats, cooks the fish.
the whole process is performed in an hour, and the sturgeon thus cooked is much better than either boiled or roasted.

Meriwether Lewis

Smoked sturgeon

Juicy, fat fish meat

The turtle dove and robbin are the same of our country and are found as well in the plain as open country

Meriwether Lewis

Mourning dove, Zenaida macroura

Small bird with feathers in grays and whites

Photo ©2005 Mdf. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

the Columbian robbin heretofore discribed seems to be the inhabitant of the woody country exclusively.

Meriwether Lewis

Varied thrush, Zoothera naevia

Very small bird with orange front and black highlights

Photo ©2007 Walter Siegmund. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

The Magpy is most commonly found in the open country and are the same with those formerly discribed on the Missouri.

Meriwether Lewis

Black-billed magpie, Pica hudsonia

Medium-sized bird with black head and wings. The body has large white areas

Photo ©2009 Dick Daniels. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

the large woodpecker or log cock, the lark woodpecker and the small white woodpecker with a read head are the same with those of the Atlantic states and are found excelusively in the timbered country.

Meriwether Lewis

Pileated woodpecker, Dryocopus pileatus
Northern flicker, Colaptes auratus
Red-breasted sapsucker, Sphyrapicus ruber

Side-by-side comparision of three birds

Pileated Woodpecker: Photo ©2004 Lorax. Permission via the Creative Commons 3.0 License.
Northern Flicker: Photo ©2006 by unknown. Permission granted by Nature's Pics.
Red-breasted sapsucker: Photo created by Dave Menke of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

The blue crested Corvus and the small white breasted do have been previously discribed and are the natives of a piney country invariably, being found as well on the rocky mountains as on this coast.—

Meriwether Lewis

Stellar's jay, Cyanocitta stelleri | Gray jay, Perisoreus canadensis

Two very different types of Jays compared

Stellars jay: Photo ©2006 by unknown. Permission via the Creative Commons 3.0 License.
Gray jay: Photo ©2007 by Alan D. Wilson. Permission via the Creative Commons 3.0 License.

the lark is found in the plains only and are the same with those before mentioned on the Missouri, and not very unlike what is called in Virginia the old field lark.

Meriwether Lewis

Western meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta

Bird with bright yellow front

Photo ©2008 Kevin Cole. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.0 License.

The large blueish brown or sandhill Crain are found in the valley of the Rocky mountains in Summer and Autumn where they raise their young, and in the winter and begining of spring on this river below tidewater and on this coast.
they are the same as those common to the Southern and Western States where they are most generally known by the name of the Sandhill crain.

Meriwether Lewis

Sandhill crane, Grus canadensis

Three large tan birds in flight

Photo ©2006 Jerry Friedman. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

there are two species of the fly-catch, a small redish brown species with a short tail, round body, short neck and short pointed beak.
they have some fine black specks intermixed with the uniform redish brown.
this the same with that which remains all winter in Virginia where it is sometimes called the wren.

Meriwether Lewis

Winter wren, Troglodytes hiemalis

Small bird colored with tans and browns

Photo ©2007 Paul Stein. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.0 License.