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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

The men at Fort Clatsop continue dressing skins and sewing clothes in preparation for their trip back to the United States. The Captains describe several birds: spruce grouse, Oregon ruffed grouse, crow, and the great horned owl.

Two of our perogues have been lately injured very much in consequence of the tide leaving them partially on shore.
every thing moves on in the old way and we are counting the days which separate us from the 1st of April and which bind us to Fort Clatsop.—

Meriwether Lewis

Netul River at Fort Clatsop

Two dugout canoes on the ground

Photo taken December 17, 2010 by Jo Ann Townsend with permission of Lewis and Clark National Historic Park, Fort Clatsop.

The large black and white pheasant is peculiar to that portion of the Rocky Mountain watered by the Columbia river.
at least we did not see them in these mountains until I we reached the waters of that river nor since we have left those mountains.
they are about the size of a well grown hen.

Meriwether Lewis

Male spruce grouse, Falcipennis canadensis

Large chicken-like bird with black and white markings

Photo ©2007 Mdf. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

The small speckled pheasant found in the same country with that above discribed, differs from it only in point of size and somewhat in colour.

Meriwether Lewis

Female spruce grouse, Falcipennis canadensis

Smaller chicken-like bird with brown, tan, and white feathers

The small brown pheasant is an inhabitant of the same country and is of the size and shape of the specled pheasant which it also resembles in it's economy and habits.

Meriwether Lewis

Ruffed grouse, Bonasa umbellus

Female Spruce grouse

Photo by unknown. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

The Crow raven and Large Blackbird are the same as those of our country only that the crow is here much smaller yet it's note is the same.

Meriwether Lewis

Crow, Corvus corax

Smaller black bird cawing

Photo ©2007 Walter Sigmund. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

The Crow raven and Large Blackbird are the same as those of our country only that the crow is here much smaller yet it's note is the same.

Meriwether Lewis

Great horned owl, Bubo virginianus

Large owl looking down at the camera from his perch on a tree branch

Photo ©2008 Billy Hunt. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.0 License.

The greater part of the Men in the fort were employed in dressing Skins, making Moccosins &ca.

Joseph Whitehouse

Brain-tanned deer hide

Hand-scraped deer hide