Lewis and Clark Today Logo

On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

Chief Cobaway and several other Clatsops bring eulachon (candlefish or smelt) to Fort Clatsop for trade. Lewis finds them very tasty. Clark describes several types of squirrels that they have observed on their trip.

The chief and his party had brought for sail a Sea Otter skin some hats, stergeon and a species of small fish
The Sturgeon and a small fish like the Anchovey begin to run. they are taken in the Columbia about 40 mils. above us.

Meriwether Lewis

Eulachon (Candlefish), Thaleichthys pacificus as drawn by Lewis

Eulachon: a very artistic and life size drawing of a small fish

The large Grey Squirel appear to be a native of a narrow tract of Country on the upper Side of the mountains below the Great falls of Columbia which is pritty well covered in maney parts with a Species of white oak.

William Clark

California gray squirrel, Sciurus griseus

Small gray squirrel with a white stomach standing erect

Photo ©2006 Franco Folini. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

The Small brown Squirel is a butifull little animal about the size of the red Squirel of the E. States or Something larger than the ground Squirel of the U States.
the tail is as long as the body and neck formed Somewhat flat.
the eyes black, whiskers long and black but not abundant. the back, Sides, head, neck and outer parts of the legs are of a redish dark brown. the throat, breast, belly and inner parts of the legs are of a pale brick red.
the tail is a mixture of black and fox coloured red in which the black prodomonates in the middle, and the other on the edges and extremity.

William Clark

Douglas squirrel, Tamiasciurus douglasii

Uniform-colored squirrel crawling down a tree

Photo ©2008 Walter Sigmund. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

the Smal Grey Squirel Common to every part of the Rocky Mountains which is timbered, differ from the dark brown squirel just discribed only in its colour.
it's back, neck, Sides, head, tail and outer Sides of the legs are of brown lead coloured Grey; the tail has a Slight touch of the fox colour near the extremity of some of the hairs.

William Clark

Red squirrel, Tamiasciurus hudsonicus

Squirrel with a bushy tail that is mostly colored red

Photo ©2008 Gilles Gonthier. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.0 License.

The Ground Squirel is found in various parts of the Countrey as well as the Praries as wood lands, and is one of the fiew animals which we have Seen in every part of our voyage.
it differs not at all from those of the U, States.

William Clark

Townsend's chipmunk, Tamias townsendii

Small rodent with black and white stripes running from nose to tail

Photo created by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.