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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

Lewis says that nothing worthy of noticed occurs at Fort Clatsop today. He describes Bearberry in detail. Clark writes about Chinook cone hats and double-knives. The men stay busy cutting firewood, hunting, or sewing clothes.

froze hard last night a clear cold morning. we do nothing except git wood for our fires &C.

John Ordway

our fare is the flesh of lean elk boiled with pure water, and a little salt. the whale blubber which have used very sparingly is now exhausted.

Meriwether Lewis

Frosty salal and ferns in a Fort Clatsop sunrise

A clear, cold sunrise on a coastal forest

Photo taken with permission at Lewis and Clark National Historic Park, Fort Clatsop.

the colour of this fruit is a fine scarlet.
the natives usually eat them without any preperation.
the fruit ripens in september and remains on the bushes all winter. the frost appears to take no effect on it. these berries are sometimes geathered and hung in their lodges in bags where they dry without further trouble, for in their most succulent state they appear to be almost as dry as flour.—

Meriwether Lewis

Bearberry (kinnikinnick), Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Small red berry on low ground-cover bush

Photo ©2008 Walter Sigmund. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

these hats are made of the bark of Cedar and beargrass wrought with the fingers So closely that it Casts the rain most effectually in the Shape which they give them

William Clark

Chinook cone hat

Plain, loosely woven cone hat

this is the form of the Knife   A is a small loop of Strong twine throng through which they Sometimes they incert the thumb in order to prevent it from being wrested from their hand.—

William Clark

Chinook double knife as drawn by Clark

Knife with a small blade on one end and a large blade on the other