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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

The men experience their first significant freeze since establishing Fort Clatsop. The Captains describe local berries used by the Indians: Salal, False Solomon's seal, and Wild Cranberry (aka Kinnikinnick and Bearberry).

In the evening Collins one of the saltmakers returned and reported that they had mad about one bushel of salt
they had been obliged to subsist on some whale which they procured from the natives.

Meriwether Lewis

Salt Works

4 kettles on rocks built to make an oven

The native fruits and buries in uce among the Indians of this neighbourhood are a deep purple burry about the size of a small cherry called by them Shal-lun

Meriwether Lewis

Salal, Gaultheria shallon

Small bush with pink droplets a bit worse for wear due to winter

The native fruits and buries in uce among the Indians of this neighbourhood are...a small pale red bury called Sol'-me...

Meriwether Lewis

False solomon's-Seal, Smilacina racemosa

Glassy red berries on a single stalk

The native fruits and buries in uce among the Indians of this neighbourhood are...the vineing or low Crambury...

Meriwether Lewis

Wild cranberry, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Low bushes with small green leaves and small red berries

a scarlet bury about the size of a small cherry the plant called by the Canadin Engages of the N. W. sac a commis produces this bury…

Meriwether Lewis

Wild cranberry, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Small red berries in a cluseter of small green leaves

Photo ©2007 Walter Siegmund Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.