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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

Drouillard and LePage barter with Indians to help them bring in the spoils of their hunt. They are impressed by Lewis's air rifle and are allowed to spend the cold and snowy night inside the fort. (Fort Clatsop near Astoria, Oregon)

the most valuable of their roots is foreign to this neighbourhood
I mean the Wappetoe, or the bulb of the Sagitifolia or common arrow head, which grows in great abundance in the marshey grounds of that beatifull and firtile valley on the Columbia commencing just above the entrance of Quicksand River, and extending downwards for about 70 Miles.
this bulb forms a principal article of traffic between the inhabitants of the valley and those of this neighbourhood or sea coast.

Meriwether Lewis

Boiled Wapato, Sagittaria latifolia

Round bulbs that appear similar in size and shape to a medium-sized onion

Drewyer and Baptiest La Paage returned this morning in a large Canoe with Comowooll and six Clatsops.
My Air-gun also astonishes them very much, they cannot comprehend it's shooting so often and without powder…

Meriwether Lewis

Girandoni air rifle

Old rifle with a large, metal stock that holds the air

The Indians witnissed Drewyer's shooting...which has given them a very exalted opinion of us as marksmen and the superior excellence of our rifles compared with their guns; this may probably be of service to us, as it will deter them from any acts of hostility if they ever meditated any such.

Meriwether Lewis

Demonstration of the long rifle at Fort Clatsop

Girl in elk skin clothing shooting a long rifle

Photo taken with permission at Lewis and Clark National Historic Park, Fort Clatsop.

this plant delights in a deep loose sandy soil; here it grows very abundant and large; the natives roast it in the embers and pound it slightly with a small stick in order to make it seperate more readily from the strong liggament which forms the center of the root; this the natives discard and chew and swallow the ballance of the root;

Meriwether Lewis

Seashore lupine, Lupinus littoralis

Short flower with purple petals growing in the sand