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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

While wintering at Fort Clatsop near Astoria, Oregon, the Captains fret about the rapid consumption of their Elk. Lewis adds ferns, Salal, Oregon moss, and Red huckleberry to the herbarium.

The Shallon; Supposed to be a Species of Vaccinium. On the Coast of the Pacific Ocean. Jan: 20th 1806

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Salal, Gaultheria shallon

Salal leaves tinged with frost

Visited this morning by three Clatsops who remained with us all day; the object of their visit is mearly to smoke the pipe.
we have latterly ... had our stock of provisions reduced to a minimum and sometimes taken a small touch of fasting...

Meriwether Lewis

Empty kettles

Large, medium, and small brass kettles

The native roots which furnish a considerable proportion of the subsistence of the indians in our neighbourhood are those of a species of Thistle, fern, and rush

Meriwether Lewis

Cattail and thistle roots

Tangled shoots from a cattail root

I saw some amazingly large trees of the fir kind; they are from 12 to 15 feet in diameter.

Patrick Gass

Sitka spruce, Picea sitchensis

Large tree with rough bark

Photo taken by Jo Ann Townsend with permission at Lewis and Clark National Historic Park, Fort Clatsop.

Fort Clatsop. Jan: 20th 1806.

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Deer fern, Blechnum spicant

Deer fern growing on a large Sitka Spruce

Polypodium Species. Fort Clatsop Jan: 20th 1806.

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Mountain wood fern, Dryopteris carthusiana

Mountain wood fern growing next to a fallen tree

Hypnum A Species of moss from Fort Clatsop. Jan: 20th 1806

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Oregon moss, Hypnum oreganum on a Red Alder

Green moss growing on an Red alder

Photo taken by Jo Ann Townsend on December 16, 2010 with permission at Lewis and Clark National Historic Park, Fort Clatsop.

New Species. With a purple Small berry eatable, an evergreen Fort Clatsop Jan 20th 1806.

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Red huckleberry, Vaccinium parvifolium

Small red berries on a barren bush

Photo taken January 21, 2013 with permission at Lewis and Clark National Historic Park, Fort Clatsop.

It rained hard all day.

Patrick Gass

Fort Clatsop

Video taken with permission at Lewis and Clark National Historic Park, Fort Clatsop.