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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

As Clark's party hauls blubber and oil over steep Tillamook Head, he is surprised how much weight a local Indian women is carrying. Lewis describes Chinook canoe burials and local commerce with trading ships.

the Weather cleared off this morning & became warm & pleasant.

Joseph Whitehouse

Fort Clatsop

Fort Clatsop on a sunny day

Photo taken December 17, 2010 with permission at Lewis and Clark National Historic Park, Fort Clatsop.

The natives are extravegantly fond of the most common cheap blue and white beads

Meriwether Lewis

Set out at day lighte every man Some meat of the whale and a little oile

William Clark

Tillamook Head

Sunny, blue ocean and sand

Our men are now very much engaged in dressing Elk and Deer skins for mockersons and cloathing.

Meriwether Lewis

Brain-tanned deer hide

Small, naturally tanned deer hide

The Clatsops Chinnooks &c. bury their dead in their canoes.
for this purpose four pieces of split timber are set erect on end, and sunk a few feet in the grown, each brace having their flat sides opposite to each other and sufficiently far assunder to admit the width of the canoes in which the dead are to be deposited;
through each of these perpendicular posts, at the hight of six feet a mortice is cut, through which two bars of wood are incerted;
on these cross bars a small canoe is placed in which the body is laid after being carefully roled in a robe of some dressed skins;

Meriwether Lewis

Replica of a Chinook burial

Concrete replica of a Chinook burial canoe with a view of Astoria in the background

This traffic on the part of the whites consists in vending, guns, (principally old british or American musquits) powder, balls and Shot, Copper and brass kettles, brass teakettles and coffee pots, blankets from two to three point, scarlet and blue Cloth (coarse), plates and strips of sheet copper and brass, large brass wire, knives, beads and tobacco with fishinghooks buttons and some other small articles; also a considerable quantity of Sailor's cloaths, as hats coasts, trowsers and shirts.

Meriwether Lewis

Tobacco twist and blue cloth

Coarse blue-dyed wool and dried tobacco leaves made into a long twist

The natives are extravegantly fond of the most common cheap blue and white beads, of moderate size, or such that from 50 to 70 will weigh one penneyweight. the blue is usually pefered to the white; these beads constitute the principal circulating medium with all the indian tribes on the river; for these beads they will dispose any article they possess.— the beads are strung on strans of a fathom in length and in that manner sold by the bredth or yard.—

Meriwether Lewis

Trade beads

Strings of blue, dark blue, red, and green beads

those people proceeded on with us to the Salt works, at which place we arrived late in the evening, found them without meat, and 3 of the Party J. Field Gibson & Shannon out hunting.
as I was excessively fatigued and my party appeared verry much so, I deturmined to Stay untill the morning and rest our Selves a little.
The Clatsops proceeded on with their lodes

William Clark

Salt Works

Barrels on the beach

Historical encampment provided by the Pacific Northwest Living Historians at Lewis and Clark National Historic Park, Fort Clatsop, Saltmakers Return 2013. Some modern items have been digitally obscured.

from Clarks View Point to Cape Disapointment is N 20° W. To point adams & the open Slope is North and a Sharp point

William Clark

Looking north from the Salt Works

Clouds, gray-blue sand reflecting light