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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

While wintering at the mouth of the Columbia River (Fort Clatsop), the men fire a volley to awake the Captains. Clark lists Indian chiefs and sea Captains and Lewis issues new orders regulating the garrison.

our repast of this day tho' better than that of Christmass, consisted principally in the anticipation of the 1st day of January, 1807

Meriwether Lewis

sometimes tho' seldom the sun is visible for a few moments the next it hails & rains...

Clark or Lewis

Fort Clatsop marsh

Dark storm clouds over a coastal marsh lit by the sun

Photo taken on December 18, 2010 with permission at Lewis and Clark National Historic Park, Fort Clatsop.

This morning at Day we wer Saluted from the party without, wishing us a "Hapy new year" a Shout and discharge of their arms

William Clark

Fort Clatsop

Looking out of the window of a log cabin

Photo taken November 11, 2008 with permission at Lewis and Clark National Historic Park, Fort Clatsop.

the centinel shall be posted, both day and night, on the parade in front of the commanding offercers quarters; tho' should he at any time think proper to remove himself to any other part of the fort

Meriwether Lewis

Fort Clatsop sentinel house and parade

Flag, back fence, and sentinal house of a rustic log fort

Photo taken December 17, 2010 with permission at Lewis and Clark National Historic Park, Fort Clatsop.

the water-gate may be used freely by the Garrison for the purpose of passing and repassing at all times, tho' from sunset, untill sunrise, it shall be the duty of the centinel, to open the gate for, and shut it after all persons passing and repassing...

Meriwether Lewis

Fort Clatsop back gate

Fort Clatsop with picketed fence and open back gate

Photo taken November 11, 2008 with permission at Lewis and Clark National Historic Park, Fort Clatsop.

the ticks, flies and other insects are in abundance, which appears to us very extraordinary at this season of the year, in a latitude so far north.

Patrick Gass

Tick, Ixodes pacificus

A hidious or beautiful bug under magnificatio

Photo by Dr. Amanda Loftis, Dr. William Nicholson, Dr. Will Reeves, Dr. Chris Paddock, and James Gathany of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control.

the ticks, flies and other insects are in abundance, which appears to us very extraordinary at this season of the year, in a latitude so far north.

Patrick Gass

Crane Fly, Tipula paterifera

A delicate flying insect with long legs and wings

Photo ©2002 Bruce Marlin. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.5 License.

Any individual selling or disposing of any tool or iron or steel instrument, arms, accoutrements or ammunicion, shall be deemed guilty of a breach of this order, and shall be tryed and punished accordingly.— the tools loaned to John Shields are excepted from the restrictions of this order.

Meriwether Lewis

Axe head

Head of an old axe in the Hudson's Bay style