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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

The hunters have difficulty penetrating the woods surrounding Tongue Point near present Astoria, Oregon. Lewis describes Richardson's Red squirrel, Oregon crabapple, and Pacific madrone, all new to science.

I cannot Say Pacific Ocian as I have not Seen one pacific day Since my arrival in its vicinity
its waters breake with emenc waves on the Sands and rockey Coasts, tempestous and horiable.

William Clark

Columbia River

Large rocks on the Columbia River shore on a stormy day

Photo by Jo Ann Townsend.

sent out the men to hunt and examin the country, they soon returned all except Drewyer and informed me that the wood was so thick it was almost impenetrable

Meriwether Lewis

Near Astoria, Oregon

Large trees and thick brush

these suirrels are about the size of the red squirrel of the lakes and eastern Atlantic States, their bellies are of a redish yellow, or tanners ooze colour the tale flat and as long as the body eyes black and moderately large back and sides of a greyish brown

Meriwether Lewis

American red squirrel, Tamiasciurus hudsonicus

Cute squirrel with a pine cone in its mouth

Photo ©2002 Franco Folini. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

the brier with a brown bark and three leaves which put forth at the extremety of the twigs like the leaves of the blackbury brier, tho is a kind of shrub and rises sometimes to the hight of 10 fe[et]

Meriwether Lewis

Salmonberry, Rubus spectabilis

A single ripe orange Salmonberry berry

Photo released to the public domain by N C (Nyanna).

the broad leave shrub which grows something like the quill wood but has no joints, the leaf broad and deeply indented

Meriwether Lewis

Ninebark, Physocarpus capitatus

Low bush with green, sharp leaves and large white blooms

Photo ©2008 Walter Sigmund. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

the bark p[e]als hangs on the stem and is of a yelowish brown colour.

Meriwether Lewis

Ninebark bark, Physocarpus capitatus

Thick bush stem with bark falling off in strips

Photo ©2008 Walter Sigmund. Permission via the GNU Free Documentation License.

there is a wild crab apple which the natives eat; this growth differs but little in appearance from that of the wild crab of the Atlantic States. but the fruit consists of little oval burries which grow in clusters at the extremities of the twigs like the black haws.

Meriwether Lewis

Oregon crabapple, Malus fusca

Oregon crabapple: small, dark bulbs that look like seeds

Photo by Steve Hurst @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database.

the tree which bears a red burry in clusters of a round form and size of a red haw. the leaf like that of the small magnolia, and brark smoth and of a brickdust red coulour it appears to be of the evergreen kind.—

Meriwether Lewis

Pacific madrones, Arbutus menziesii

Skinny, crooked trees without very little bark left on them