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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

The canoes are lined down a chute on the south side of Celilo Falls. When an elk skin rope breaks, the canoe is retrieved by the Indians. The Captains see a Chinook style canoe, and they trade their small dugout and a hatchet for it.

I with the greater part of the men Crossed in the Canoes to opposit Side above the falls and hauled them across the portage of 457 yards which is on the Lard. Side and certainly the best side to pass the canoes

William Clark

Celilo Falls

Historic photo of Celilo Falls which is very wide with several different channels

Photo by Alfred A. Monner circa 1935 (some modern items have been digitally obscured).

a fine morning

William Clark

A pleasant day

Patrick Gass

Expedition camp site below Celilo Falls

Rocky shore of a wide river

The nativs leave us earlyer this evening than usial

William Clark

and the flees are now thick, the ground covd. with them.

Joseph Whitehouse

Mt. Hood from Wishram

storic photo (before dams) of Mt. Hood behind the Columbia River

Photo by Alfred A. Monner circa 1947.

I then decended through a narrow chanel of about 150 yards wide forming a kind of half circle in it course of a mile to a pitch of 8 feet in which the chanel is divided by 2 large rocks    at this place we were obliged to let the Canoes down by Strong ropes of Elk Skin which we had for the purpose, one Canoe in passing this place got loose by the Cords breaking, and was cought by the Indians below. I accomplished this necessary business and landed Safe with all the Canoes at our Camp below the falls by 3 oClock P. M

William Clark

Elk skin rope

Braided rope made of elk skin

This rope was made by John Fisher.

observed on the beach near the Indian Lodges two Canoes butifull of different Shape & Size to what we had Seen above wide in the midde and tapering to each end, on the bow curious figures were Cut on the wood &c.    these Canoes are neeter made than any I have ever Seen and Calculated to ride the waves, and carry emence burthens, they are dug thin and are supported by cross pieces of about 1 inch diamuter tied with Strong bark thro' holes in the Sides.

William Clark

Chinook canoe

Historic photo of Chinook canoe on the Columbia River

Northwestern University Library, Edward S. Curtis's 'The North American Indian': the Photographic Images.