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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

Clark explores the Columbia River reaching the mouth of the Yakima River. Lewis records the vocabulary of the Indians living at the Snake and Columbia River confluence at present Sacajawea State Park.

an Indian Showed me the mouth of the river which falls in below a high hill on the Lard. N. 80° W. 8 miles from the Island. The river bending Lard.— This river is remarkably Clear and Crouded with Salmon in maney places

William Clark

Yakima River delta

Small river delta on a misty Fall morning

a clear pleasant morning.

John Ordway

Snake and Columbia rivers

Mist rising from the river

Capt. Lewis took a Vocabelary of the Language of those people who call themselves So kulk,
The Houses or Lodges of the tribes of the main Columbia river is of large Mats made of rushes

William Clark

Wanapum tule reed house

Historic photo of Wanapum tule reed house

Photo by Gladys McIlveen circa 1941.

This river is remarkably Clear and Crouded with Salmon in maney places, I observe in assending great numbers of Salmon dead on the Shores, floating on the water and in the Bottoms which can be seen at the debth of 20 feet. the Cause of the emence numbers of dead Salmon I can't account for So it is I must have seen 3 or 400 dead and maney living

William Clark

Sockeye salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka

2 sockeye salmon with very red sides

Photo by Dave Menke, US Fish and Wildlife Service.

I saw maney Squars engaged Splitting and drying Salmon

William Clark

Kited Salmon

Salmon split and place on two sticks to dry in the air

This display is at the Columbia Pacific Heritage Museum, Illwaco, Washington.

The water in Columbia River (or North fork) is much smoother & the current more gentle here than the Ki-o-me-num or Lewis's River.

Joseph Whitehouse

Columbia River

Large river with sandy river banks and sagebrush

the women...ware long leather Shirts which highly ornimented with beeds Shells &c. &c. Those people appeare of a mild disposition and friendly disposed—

William Clark

Wife of Mnainak - Yakama Woman

Historic photo of Yakima Woman

Photo by Edward S. Curtis circa 1910.

I killed a Fowl of the Pheasent kind as large as a turkey

William Clark

Sage grouse, Centrocercus urophasianus

Large black and white bird

Photo created by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

The House or Lodges of the tribes of the main Columbia river is of large mats made of rushes, Those houses are from 15 to 60 feet in length generally of an Oblong Squar form, Suported by poles on forks in the iner Side, Six feet high, the top is covered also with mats leaveing a Seperation in the whole length of about 12 or 15 inches wide, left for the purpose of admitting light and for the Smok of the fire to pass which is made in the middle of the house.—

William Clark

Wanapum tule reed shelter

View of shelter walls made from tule reeds