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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

The Expedition reaches the confluence of the Snake and Clearwater rivers camping across from present Clarkston, Washington. Many supplement their diet of dried fish and roots with dog meat. Clark describes the Nez Perce.

we Set out eairly and proceed on down    passed over a number of bad rapids took water in the canoes by the waves. passd Several Camps of Indians where they had large fisherys

John Ordway

Clearwater River

Rough white-water flowing between barren hills

a find Morning
a verry worm day

William Clark

Clearwater River below the Potlatch River

Smooth river flowing between barren hills on a fall day

at 2½ miles passed a run on the Stard. Side haveing passed 2 Islands and two bad rapids

William Clark

Clearwater River at Catholic Creek

River flowing between barren hills on a fall day

at 3 miles lower passed a Creek on the Lard. with wide Cotton willow bottoms haveing passed an Island and a rapid an Indian Camp of three Lodgs below the Creek

William Clark

Clearwater River at Lapwai Creek

Small creek coming into a larger river through rocky shores

about 11 oClock we came to a verry bad rapid which was full of rocks, we halted and took one canoe down at a time one of them Struck a rock in the rapid and broke a hole in hir Side but with Some difficulty we got hir Safe to Shore unloaded & repaired hur. the Indians caught some of the oars &c for us.

John Ordway

Clearwater River at Hog Island

High rocky shore and barren brown hills

The Countrey about the forks is an open Plain on either Side    I can observe at a distance on the lower Stard. Side a high ridge of Thinly timbered Countrey
worthey of remark that not one Stick of timber on the river near the frks and but a fiew trees for a great distance up the River we decended

William Clark

Hills and plains above the Snake River

Steep, barren hills topped by plains

I think Lewis's River is about 250 yards wide, the Koos koos ke River about 150 yards wide and the river below the forks about 300 yards wide.

William Clark

Clearwater and Snake Rivers

Historic photo of Lewiston-Clarkston before dams

Photo courtesy of Nez Perce National Historical Park, NEPE 0807. Some modern items have been digitally obscured.

a miss understanding took place between Shabono one of our interpreters, and Jo. & R Fields
Some fiew were a Shirt of Dressed Skins and long legins & Mockersons Painted

William Clark

Nez Perce shirt circa 1820

Old style Nez Perce man's shirt made from two deer skins

Photo courtesy of Nez Perce National Historical Park, NEPE 2338.

the dress of the men are a white Buffalow robe or Elk Skin dressed with Beeds which are generally white, Sea Shells—i e the Mother of Pirl hung to ther hair & on a pice of otter Skin about their necks hair Cewed in two parsels hanging forward over their Sholders, feathers, and different Coloured Paints which they find in their Countrey Generally white, Green & light Blue. Some fiew were a Shirt of Dressed Skins and long legins, & Mockersons Painted, which appears to be their winters dress, with a plat of twisted grass about their necks.

William Clark

Raven blanket

Older Indian man wearing feather bonnet and white otter tails posed in profile

Photo by Edward S. Curtis circa 1911.

The women dress in a Shirt of Ibex, or Skins which reach quite down to their anckles with a girdle, their heads heads are not ornemented, their Shirts are ornemented with quilled Brass, Small peces of Brass Cut into different forms, Beeds, Shells & curios bones &c.

William Clark

Umatilla girl

Young Indian girl wearing woven cap and beaded dress

Photo by Edward S. Curtis circa 1911.

On Lewis's River Octbr: 1805.

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Eaton's aster, Symphyotrichum eatonii (formerly Aster eatonii)

Aster with blue petals and and orange center

On Lewis's R. Octbr: 1805.

Pursh (Meriwether Lewis)

Columbia tickseed, Coreopsis tinctoria var. atkinsoniana

flowers with yellow petals and purple centers

Photo © Robert L. Carr, Eastern Washington University.