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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

Clark leaves the mountains reaching the Nez Perce at Weippe prairie. Lewis is delayed collecting horses including one carrying his winter clothing. They pick up the horse meat left by Clark and later enjoy a meal that fills their stomachs.

proceeded on through a butifull Countrey for three miles to a Small Plain in which I found maney Indian lodges
at the distance of 1 mile from the lodges I met 3 boys, when they Saw me ran and hid themselves   searched found gave them Small pieces of ribin & Sent them forward to the village

William Clark

Weippe Prairie

Painting of Clark giving gifts to three Nez Perce boys

Image presented at the Weippe Discovery Center, Weippe, Idaho.

Here I larnt that one of the Packhorses with his load was missing

Meriwether Lewis

Sent out the hunters they killed nothing

William Clark

Fish Creek

Shallow mountain stream running through forest and meadow

This morning my attention was called to a species of bird which I had never seen before. it was feeding on the buries of a species of shoemake or ash which grows common in country

Meriwether Lewis

Varied thrush, Ixoreus naevius

Small bird with orange breast

Photo ©2009 Minette Layne. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.0 License.

I have also observed two birds of a blue colour both of which I believe to be of the haulk or vulter kind.

Meriwether Lewis

Stellar's Jay, Cyanocitta stelleri | Gray Jay, Perisoreus canadensis

Side views of two different species of jays

Left photo ©2006 naturepicsonline.com. Permission via the Creative Commons 3.0 License.
Right photo ©2007 Richards Giddins. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.0 License.

Three species of Pheasants, a large black species, with some white feathers irregularly scattered on the brest neck and belley a smaller kind of a dark uniform colour with a red stripe above the eye, and a brown and yellow and a brown and yellow species that a good deel resembles the phesant common to the Atlantic States.

Meriwether Lewis

Blue Grouse | Spruce Grouse | Oregon Ruffed Grouse

Three side views of three different species of grouse

Left photo: S. King of the US National Park Service.
Center photo: September 11, 2009 at Moon Saddle.
Right photo: ©2007 mricon. Permission via the Creative Commons 2.0 License.

we had proceeded about 2 miles when we found the greater part of a horse which Capt Clark had met with and killed for us. he informed me by note that he should proceed as fast as possible to the leavel country which lay to the S. W. of us

Meriwether Lewis

Horsesteak Meadow

Grassy forest meadow

the land through which we passed this evening is of an excellent quality tho very broken, it is a dary grey soil. a grey free stone appearing in large masses above the earth in many places.

Meriwether Lewis

Above Myrtle Meadows

Large rocks jutting straight up from the forest floor

We ascended & descended several hills, and passed along a ridge of mountains, where the timber had fell so thick across the trail, that it was with great difficulty that we got our horses along, & the Yellow wasps was very troublesome to them, there being a great abundance of them at that place.

Joseph Whitehouse

Above Fish Creek

Hillside covered with logs and branches

We did not find any Water to encamp at, 'till after it was dark, and it lay in a gully, a short distance from the Ridge of mountains that we encamped at.

Joseph Whitehouse

Full Stomach Camp

Small ridge in a forest with several tree blown down

Photo ©2010 by Gene Eastman.

proceeded on with a Chief to this Village 2 miles in the Same Plain, where we were treated kindly in their way and continued with them all night Those two Villages consist of about 30 double lodges, but fiew men a number of women & children; They call themselves Cho pun-nish or Pierced Noses

William Clark

Emence quantity of the quawmash or Pas-shi-co root gathered & in piles about the plains, those roots grow much an onion in marshey places the seed are in triangular Shell on the Stalk.
they Sweat them in the following manner i. e. dig a large hole 3 feet deep Cover the bottom with Split wood on the top of which they lay Small Stones of about 3 or 4 Inches thick, a Second layer of Splited wood & Set the whole on fire which heats the Stones, after the fire is extinguished they lay grass & mud mixed on the Stones, on that dry grass which Supports the Psh-Shi-co root a thin Coat of the Same grass is laid on the top, a Small fire is kept when necessary in the Center of the kile &c.

William Clark

Baking Camas

Historic photo of Nez Perce woman baking camas

Photo used by permission of the Nez Perce National Historical Park, NEPE 0773.