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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

The Expedition must thaw their tenting over the fire so they can wrap their baggage and load the horses. They descend to a large valley, near present Sula, Montana where they become feted guests of the Salish Indians encamped there.

prosued our Course down the Creek to the forks about 5 miles where we met a part of the Flat head nation of 33 Lodges about 80 men 400 Total and at least 500 horses, those people recved us friendly, threw white robes over our Sholders & Smoked in the pipes of peace

William Clark

Meeting the Salish at Ross Hole

Painting of the Corp meeting the Salish at Ross' Hole

Painting previously located in Southern Hills Mall, Sioux City, Iowa and created by by Split Rock Studios.

the air verry cold our fingers aked with the cold.

Joseph Whitehouse

I was the first white man who ever wer on the waters of this river.

William Clark

Bitterroot River at Ross Hole

Small blue river winding through a mountain valley

We descended the Mountain; down a rough rockey way

Joseph Whitehouse

Lost Trail Pass

Rocks and high ridge above large flat valley

those people recved us friendly, threw white robes over our Sholders & Smoked in the pipes of peace, we Encamped with them & found them friendly but nothing but berries to eate a part of which they gave us

William Clark

Offering at the clearing

Painting of the Salish spreading out white robes in Ross Hole

Painting by Jesse Henderson on a road side sign at Sula, Montana.

there are a great quantity of sweet roots and herbs, such as sweet myrrh, angelica and several other, that the natives make use of, and the names of which I am unacquainted.

Patrick Gass

Western sweet cicely, Osmorhiza occidentalis

Plant with delicate umbels

Photo ©2012 Walter Sigmund. Downloaded from Wikimedia and used with permission of the GNU Free Documentation License.

There is also timothy grass growing in it; and neither the valley nor the hills are so thickly timbered, as the mountains we had lately passed. What timber there is, is mostly pitch pine.

Patrick Gass

Alpine timothy, Phleum alpinum

Single stem of grass with large seed head

Photo ©2007 Walter Sigmund. Downloaded from Wikimedia and used with permission of the GNU Free Documentation License.

We came about 10 Miles this day, & pitched our Camp near a Creek on the Plains, on the right of where the Indian lodges stood; and where in a Valley, a small distance from us; grew a considerable quantity of large Pitch pine trees.

Joseph Whitehouse

Ross Hole

Grassy meadow surrounded by high forested hills

pitched our Camp near the creek on the right of the Indian Lodges

John Ordway