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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

The ice is ¼ thick as the men start over Lemhi pass. They taste the water running to the Missouri, cross one mile over the divide, and then taste the water running to the Columbia. They descend to the Lemhi River valley and camp.

Saw pitch pine and balsom fer which grow verry tall on the Spring runs and Sides of the mountains, but they are mostly covred with Short grass.

John Ordway

Bitterroot Mountains from Lemhi Pass

Looking at the Bitterroot Mountains from Lemhi Pass

Saw a high mountain to the S. W. with Some Spots of Snow on them.

Joseph Whitehouse

Bitterroot Mountains from Lemhi Pass

Looking at the Bitterroot Mountains from Lemhi Pass

I observe the indian women collecting the root of a speceis of fennel which grows in the moist grounds and feeding their poor starved children;
when dryed and pounded it makes a fine white meal; the flavor of this root is not unlike that of annisseed but not so pungent;

Meriwether Lewis

Gairdner's yampah, Perideridia gairdneri

Drawing of a tall slender plant with onion-bulb roots

Drawing by an unknown artist from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

The sunflower is very abundant near the watercourses the seeds of this plant are now rip and the natives collect them in considerable quantities and reduce them to meal by pounding and rubing them between smooth stones. this meal is a favorite food their manner

Meriwether Lewis

Nuttall sunflower, Helianthus nuttallii

Sunflowers with yellow petals

Photo created by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Saw great numbers of the large Black grass hopper.

William Clark

Mormon cricket, Anabrus simplex

Swarm of crickets on a tree trunk

Photo ©Katie Madonia. Downloaded from Wikimedia and used with permission of the Creative Commons 2.5 License.

Saw...a number of ground Lizards; Some fiew Pigions

William Clark

Short-horned lizard, Phrynosoma hernandesi

Plump lizard with horns on the back of its head

Photo ©2008 Starlingjon. Permission via the Creative Commons ShareAlike License.