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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

Lewis is warmly greeted at a camp of Shoshone. They continue to the Upper Lemhi village where they smoke the pipe with Chief Cameahwait. On the other side of the continental divide, Clark's men struggle to move the canoes up the Beaverhead.

the course of this river is a little to the North of west as far as I can discover it; and is bounded on each side by a range of high Mountains. tho' those on the E. side are lowest and more distant from the river.—

Meriwether Lewis

Lemhi River valley

Green bottoms, barren hills, and mountains seen in the Lemhi Valley

they had nothing but berries to eat and gave us some cakes of serviceberries and Choke cherries which had been dryed in the sun; of these I made a hearty meal, and then walked to the river, which I found about 40 yards wide very rapid clear and about 3 feet deep.

Meriwether Lewis

Lemhi River

Lemhi River meanander

I saw near the creek some bushes of the white maple, the shumate of the small species with the winged rib, and a species of honeysuckle much in it's growth and leaf like the small honeysuckle of the Missouri only reather larger and bears a globular berry as large as a garden pea and as white as wax

Meriwether Lewis

Snowberry, Symphoricarpos albus

Bush with white berries

the prickley pear are of three species that with a broad leaf common to the missouri; that of a globular form also common to the upper pat of the Missouri and more especially after it enters the Rocky Mountains, also a 3rd peculiar to this country. it consists of small circular thick leaves with a much greater number of thorns.

Meriwether Lewis

Plains prickly pear, Opuntia macrorhiza
Brittle prickly pear, Opuntia fragilis
Pincushion cactus, Coryphantha vivipara (left-to-right)

Three different types of prickly pears

these thorns are stronger and appear to be barbed....but are so slightly attatched that when the thorn touches your mockerson it adhears and brings with it the leaf covered in every direction with many others. this is much the most troublesome plant of the three.

Meriwether Lewis

Brittle prickly pear, Opuntia fragilis

Cactus with small bulbous leaves

the principal chief Ca-me-âh-wait made a short speach to the warriors. I gave him the flag which I informed him was an emblem of peace among whitemen and now that it had been received by him it was to be respected as the bond of union between us.

Meriwether Lewis

15-Star flag

Rolled up 15-star flag

their tobacco is of the same kind of these used by the Minnetares Mandans and Ricares of the Missouri. the Shoshonees do not cultivate this plant, but obtain it from the Rocky mountain Indians and some of the bands of their own nation who live further south.

Meriwether Lewis

Indian tobacco, Nicotiana quadrivalvis

Indian Tobacco plant with white blooms

Photo by Anthony Valois of the National Park Service.

these people had been attacked by the Minetares of Fort de prarie this spring and about 20 of them killed and taken prisoners. on this occasion they lost a great part of their horses and all their lodges except that which they had erected for our accomodation; they were now living in lodges of a conic figure made of willow brush.

Meriwether Lewis

Lemhi Shoshone shelters

Stick-brush teepee shelter

proceeded on and Encamped on the Lard side no wood except dry willows and them Small, one Deer killed to day. The river obliges the men to undergo great fatigue and labour in hauling the Canoes over the Sholes in the Cold water naked.

William Clark

Beaverhead River

Wide, shallow river