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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

Lewis tows and poles the canoes up the shallow Missouri below the Three Forks. Ahead, Clark climbs a distant mountain to view the landscape and look for Indians. Finding none, he returns to join this party resting near Willow Creek.

at the distance of 3¾ m. passed the entrance of a large Creek 15 yds. wide which discharges itself on Lard. near the center of a Lard. bend it is a bold runing stream this we called Howard's Creek after Thomas P. Howard one of our party.

Meriwether Lewis

Missouri River at Toston Dam

Large Missouri River bend with barren hills

we Crossed the Missouri which was divided by a verry large Island, the first Part was knee deep, the other waste deep & verry rapid—

William Clark

here Charbono was very near being swept away by the current and cannot swim, Capt. C however risqued him and saved his life.

Meriwether Lewis

Jefferson and Madison River from Fort Rock

Large island in a river

here the hills or reather mountains again recede from the river and the valley again widens to the extent of several miles with wide and fertile bottom lands. covered with grass and in many places a fine terf of green-swoard.

Meriwether Lewis

Missouri River at Clarkston, Montana

Shallow river in a wide valley with grass on the far shore

the high lands are thin meagre soil covered with dry low sedge and a species of grass also dry the seeds of which are armed with a long twisted hard beard at the upper extremity
these barbed seed penetrate our mockersons and leather legings and give us great pain untill they are removed. my poor dog suffers with them excessively, he is constantly binting and scratching himself as if in a rack of pain.

Meriwether Lewis

Needle and thread grass, Stipa or Hesperostipa comata

Curled beard and long spear of a needle and thread grass blade

there is another species of the prickly pear of a globular form, composed of an assemblage of little conic leaves springing from a common root to which their small points are attached as a common center and the base of the cone forms the apex of the leaf which is garnished with a circular range of sharp thorns quite as stif and more keen than the more common species with the flat leaf, like the Cockeneal plant.

Meriwether Lewis

Yellow pincushion cactus, Coryphantha missouriensis

Two round, small cacti