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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

Men from the North West Company bring news of Indian conflicts to Lewis and Clark at Fort Mandan. Several men travel 6 miles upriver and begin cutting the cottonwood trees that will be shaped into pirogues.

From the journals...

this root is found on high lands and asent of hills, the way of useing it is to Scarify the part when bitten to chu or pound an inch or more if the root is Small, and applying it to the bitten part renewing it twice a Day. the bitten person is not to chaw nor Swallow any of the Root for it might have contrary effect.

William Clark

Purple coneflower, Echinacea purpurea

Large flower with orange cone and purple petals

Photo: August 2, 2011 at Sergeant Floyd Monument, Sioux City, Iowa.