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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

An attempt is made to heat stones to melt the ice from around the boats at Fort Mandan. Unfortunately, the stones shatter in the fire. Charcoal is being made by burning wood in a large pit.

From the journals...

all hands employed halling Stone on hand Sleds from a bluff below in order to heat a large nomber of Sizeable Stone & put warter in to the pearogues & barge & make the water hot with the Stone So as to git them loose but come to heat the Stone they flew in peaces as soon as they Got hot, So that we could not make use of them at all.

John Ordway

Stone chimney at Fort Mandan

Stone chimney at Fort Mandan

This photo is provided as a service by the U.S. Army Center of Military History.

we are now burning a large Coal pit, to mend the indians hatchets, & make them war axes, the only means by which we precure Corn from them—

William Clark

Missouri war axe and a work axe

Fancy Missouri war axe and a plain and simple work axe