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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

At Fort Mandan, the cold causes the frost to fall like snow. The winds blow snow and sand into drifts on top of the frozen Missouri River. The blacksmiths trade their services for food and Whitehouse records dimensions of the fort.

From the journals...

our blckSmitth mending their axes hoes &c. &c. for which the Squars bring Corn for payment

William Clark


Hand forged broad axe and chopping axe

nothing particular occured Since christmas but we live in peace and tranquillity in our fort, visited dayly by the natives with Supplys of corn &c.

Joseph Whitehouse

Mandeh-Pahchu, Mandan Man (Eagle's Beak)

Painting of a Mandan with flute and buffalo robe

Painting by Karl Bodmer circa 1834.