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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

The men work on their winter quarters on this cloudy and foggy day at Fort Mandan in present North Dakota. A loft is added to the Captains' quarters. Grass and old tarps are used to plug the holes between the logs comprising the walls.

From the journals...

the Capts. Room being hughn down the inside, we layed the loft over with hughn punchien    then Stoped the craks with Some old tarpolin & Grass    Some morter then a thick coat of earth over all, which will make it verry warm.

John Ordway

Captains' quarters

Log wall and espontoon in the Captains' quarters

Photo taken with permission at Fort Mandan.

commenced building the chimneys &.C.

John Ordway

Fort Mandan chimney

Chimney made from split cottonwood logs

Photo taken with permission at Fort Mandan.