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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

After a cold night with freezing rain, the morning brings snow. The Expedition continues a few miles up the Missouri River near present Bismarck, North Dakota. They pass a place where the Indian Sun Dance ceremony is performed.

From the journals...

I saw a Single tree in the open Plains which the Mandans formerly paid great Devotion to    run Cords thro their flesh & tie themselves to the tree to make them brave

William Clark

The Cutting Scene, Mandan O-kee-pa Ceremony

Mandan Indians hanging by cords inside a medicine lodge

Painting by George Catlin circa 1832.