On this day in Lewis & Clark history...
During the morning and afternoon, ceremonies and councils are held with two Arikara chiefs. The Captains are given Indian tobacco. At 2 pm, the boats continue another 9½ miles camping below present Pollock, South Dakota.
From the journals...
12th October Friday 1804
Dress of the men of this nation is Simply a pr. mockerson, Leagins, flap in front & a Buffalow roabe, with ther arms & ears Deckorated
Pachtüwa-Chtä. An Arrikkara Warrior
Painting by Carl Bodmer, March 1834.
No. 45. Specimen of the Ricara's tobacco
12th of October at the Ricare's town. This is the tobacco which they cultivate—
Indian tobacco, Nicotiana quadrivalvis
Photo by Anthony Valois of the National Park Service.