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On this day in Lewis & Clark history...

Lewis complains about the local residents who charge high prices for the use of their oxen to drag the keelboat over the Ohio River shallows. Lewis describes the river's banks as terraced benches.

From the journals...

supposed I had gotten over Logtown riffle but find ourselvs stranded again    suppose it best to send out two or three men to engage some oxen or horses to assist us obtain one horse and an ox, which enabled us very readily to get over    payd the man his charge which was one dollar
the inhabitants who live near these riffles live much by the distresed situation of traveller are generally lazy charge extravegantly when they are called on for assistance and have no filantrophy or continence

Meriwether Lewis
Snippet from a book used by Meriwether Lewis to help navigate the Ohio River

Picture from The Navigator: Or, the Trader's Useful Guide in Navigating the Monongehela, Allegheny, Ohio and Mississippi Rivers by Zadok Cramer, Fifth Edition, published in 1806. Lewis used an earlier edition to help him navigate and describe the journey down the Ohio River.