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November 7, 1803

Lewis and Clark take the keelboat down the Ohio River. Near this date, they pass notable landmarks such as the Saline River and Battery Rock. They could also reach the Tradewater River by this date.

Saline river, left side, Opposite this river on the right shore, is a sand-bar, channel left shore.
Battery Rock, right shore

Zadok Cramer
Snippet from a book used by Meriwether Lewis to help navigate the Ohio River

November 7, 1804

The men work on their winter quarters on this cloudy and foggy day at Fort Mandan in present North Dakota. A loft is added to the Captains' quarters. Grass and old tarps are used to plug the holes between the logs comprising the walls.

the Capts. Room being hughn down the inside, we layed the loft over with hughn punchien    then Stoped the craks with Some old tarpolin & Grass    Some morter then a thick coat of earth over all, which will make it verry warm.

John Ordway
Log wall and espontoon in the Captains' quarters

November 7, 1805

The ocean tide and numerous Columbia River channels prompt the Captains to hire an Indian to guide them. They make 34 miles, camping near present Pillar Rock. There, Clark records that he can see and hear the Pacific Ocean.

we with dificuelty found a place Clear of the tide and Sufficiently large to lie on
Great joy in camp we are in view of the Ocian this great Pacific Octean which we have been So long anxious to See.

William Clark
Small rock in front of a large bay to the right