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October 12, 1803

Lewis and a few men take the keelboat down the Ohio River. By the end of the day, they will be within one day of Louisville, Kentucky.

Twelve Mile island, channel same side

Zadok Cramer
Snippet from a book used by Meriwether Lewis to help navigate the Ohio River

October 12, 1804

During the morning and afternoon, ceremonies and councils are held with two Arikara chiefs. The Captains are given Indian tobacco. At 2 pm, the boats continue another 9½ miles camping below present Pollock, South Dakota.

Dress of the men of this nation is Simply a pr. mockerson, Leagins, flap in front & a Buffalow roabe, with ther arms & ears Deckorated

William Clark
Historic painting of an Arikara warrio

October 12, 1805

With Nez Perce pilots leading the way, the canoes navigate the Snake River rapids. They must steer around several rocks and stony islands. They camp above a long and bad rapid near present Riparia, Washington.

The hills or assents from the water is faced with a dark ruged Stone.

William Clark
Basalt rocks rising from a reflective river