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September 5, 1803

After a foggy morning, the keelboat and two canoes navigate the Ohio River rapids without needing oxen or horses. After yesterday's repairs, the two canoes need only occasional bailing. Camp is opposite present Weirton, West Virginia.

Again foggey, loaded both my canoes and waited till the fogg disappeared    set out at 8 OCl.    had some difficulty in passing several riffles today but surmounted it without having recorse to horses or oxen—

Meriwether Lewis
Snippet from a book used by Meriwether Lewis to help navigate the Ohio River

September 5, 1804

After making 13¾ miles up the Missouri, the boats stop early at No Preserve Island. There, they make a new mast for the keelboat from cedar. In his natural history notes, Lewis describes a bullsnake.

We passed under a Bluff of Blue earth, under which Seveal Mineral Springs broke out of the water of which had a taste like Salts

William Clark
Historical painting of the Missouri River before the filling of Francis Lake reservoir

September 5, 1805

At Ross Hole, the Salish care for the weary travelers. They trade healthy horses for the Expedition's lame ones. Additional horses and animal skins are obtained for a few small trade goods and tobacco. The Indian women bring them food.

they Swaped to us Some of their good horses and took our worn out horses, and appeared to wish to help us as much as lay in their power. accommodated us with pack Saddles and chords by our giving them any Small article in return

John Ordway
Painting of Salish trading horses

September 5, 1806

Having slept little due to the mosquitoes, the men set out at first light. The river narrows and the current increases in speed enabling the men to paddle 73 miles. The mosquitoes pester them at their next camp near Guard Lake, Iowa.

we having made 75 miles this day and Camped on a Sand beach to git as much out of the Musquetoes as possable.—

John Ordway
Large meander with green water