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October 23, 1803

Lewis and Clark are at the Great Falls of the Ohio at Louisville, Kentucky. During this period, they are planning and preparing the Expedition with hopes to start up the Missouri River before winter.

In leveling the descent of the rapids, it has been found to be twenty-two feet and a half, in two miles, the distance from Bear-grass to the foot of the falls.

Zadok Cramer
Snippet from a book used by Meriwether Lewis to help navigate the Ohio River

October 23, 1804

North of present Bismarck, the Expedition passes the place where the Mandan robbed two French traders. The traders continue with the Expedition to recover their traps and furs. Camp is across from present Sanger, North Dakota.

Camped on S. S. at a Bottom covered with timber where we found a large quantity of Graze the Buff. or Rabit Berryes of which we eat freely off. they are a Small red berry, Sower & Good to the taste. we have Seen them pleanty in this Country.

John Ordway
Buffloberry branch loaded with red berries

October 23, 1805

The canoes are lined down a chute on the south side of Celilo Falls. When an elk skin rope breaks, the canoe is retrieved by the Indians. The Captains see a Chinook style canoe, and they trade their small dugout and a hatchet for it.

I with the greater part of the men Crossed in the Canoes to opposit Side above the falls and hauled them across the portage of 457 yards which is on the Lard. Side and certainly the best side to pass the canoes

William Clark
Historic photo of Celilo Falls which is very wide with several different channels